Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1880/50445
Title: Ownership and Investment in Electronic Networks
Authors: Nault, Barrie R
Bakos, Yannis J.
Keywords: Incomplete Contracts;Investment Externalities;Internet Ownership;Network Externalities;Network Investment;Network Ownership
Issue Date: Dec-1997
Publisher: INFORMS
Citation: Bakos, J.Y. and Nault, B.R., "Ownership and Investment in Electronic Networks," Information Systems Research, 24, 4 (December 1997) 321-341.
Abstract: We employ the theory of incomplete contracts to examine the relationship between own­ership and investment in electronic networks such as the Internet and inter-organiza­tional information systems. Electronic networks represent an institutional structure that has resulted from the introduction of information technology in industrial and consumer markets. Ownership of electronic networks is important because it affects the level of network-specific investments, which in turn determine the profitability, and in some cases the viability, of these networks. In our analysis we define an electronic network as a set of participants and a port­ folio of assets. The salient concept in this perspective is the degree to which network partici­pants are indispensable in making network assets productive. We derive three main results. First, if one or more assets are essential to all network participants, then all the assets should be owned together. Second, participants that are indispensable to an asset essential to all participants should own all network assets. Third and most important, in the absence of an indispensable participant, and as long as the cooperation of at least two participants is nec­essary to create value, sole ownership is never the best form of ownership for an electronic network. This latter result implies that as the leading network participants become more dis­pensable, we should see an evolution toward forms of joint ownership.
Description: *INFORMS: unless published under the open access option, the publisher will provide a specific copy of the paper that can be posted to a web page https://www.informs.org/Find-Research-Publications/INFORMS-Journals/Rights-Permissions#work. Publisher provided copy of article to be deposited according to publisher's policy 05/22/2015
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1880/50445
ISSN: 10477047
Appears in Collections:Nault, Barrie R

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