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For more information about University of Calgary Graduate Studies see: Graduate Studies
Browsing Graduate Studies by Author "Aalami, Soheila"
(2019-04-02) Aalami, Soheila; Kattan, Lina; Waters, Nigel M.; Vandebona, Upali; El-Sheimy, Naser; De Barros, Alexandre Gomes
In the case of a disaster, the most critical task is to relocate population in endangered areas to the safe shelters. When a disaster happens, the demand for available emergency evacuation resources increases considerably and lack of a proper emergency evacuation planning and resource management may lead to an increase in the severity of damages and fatalities resulted from the hazard. Among the three main modes of evacuation (i.e. vehicular, public transit and pedestrian modes of evacuation), vehicular evacuation has received the most attention in the literature while little attention has been paid to the other two modes. In addition, far less attention has been paid to the issue of fairness in emergency evacuation planning. The main body of the thesis is about developing new methodologies to optimally and fairly distribute the available resources among the endangered area population during emergency evacuation. This thesis has focused on public transit and pedestrian modes of evacuation. A variety of techniques including combinatorial techniques, such as computation complexity analysis, approximation algorithms, numerical optimization, mathematical induction and algebra, and computer programming, are used in the thesis.