Browsing by Author "Ohinmaa, Arto"
Now showing 1 - 5 of 5
Results Per Page
- ItemOpen AccessGap Analysis of Public Mental Health and Addictions Programs (GAP-MAP) Final Report(Government of Alberta, 2014-02) Wild, T. Cameron; Wolfe, Jody; Wang, Jian; Ohinmaa, ArtoResults from the project are intended to lay the groundwork for building a population-based model for addiction and mental health service planning in Alberta. Although many of the project’s conclusions echo longstanding concerns expressed by stakeholders about Alberta’s system of care for addiction and mental health problems, GAP-MAP went beyond anecdotal observations to collect systematic empirical data on unmet population need, service capacity, and costs. In addition to providing a relatively fine-grained description of these topics, the project synthesized findings from these data sources to provide examples of how needs-based planning for addiction and mental health services could be undertaken.
- ItemOpen AccessRandomized controlled pilot trial of supportive text messages for patients with depression(2017-08-02) Agyapong, Vincent I O; Juhás, Michal; Ohinmaa, Arto; Omeje, Joy; Mrklas, Kelly; Suen, Victoria Y M; Dursun, Serdar M; Greenshaw, Andrew JAbstract Background Depression is projected to be the primary cause of disability worldwide by 2030. In a recent survey, the most commonly cited unmet need among 42.4% of depressed Albertans was the lack of sufficient, accessible, and affordable counselling. Our aim was to test the efficacy of a supportive text messaging mobile health intervention in improving treatment outcomes in depressed patients. Methods We performed a single-rater-blinded randomized trial involving 73 patients with Major Depressive Disorder. Patients in the intervention group (n = 35) received twice-daily supportive text messages for 3 months while those in the control group (n = 38) received a single text message every fortnight thanking them for participating in the study. The primary outcome of this study was: “Mean changes in the BDI scores from baseline“. Results After adjusting for baseline BDI scores, a significant difference remained in the 3 month mean BDI scores between the intervention and control groups: (20.8 (SD = 11.7) vs. 24.9 (SD = 11.5), F (1, 60) = 4.83, p = 0.03, ηp2 = 0.07). The mean difference in the BDI scores change was significant with an effect size (Cohen’s d) of 0.67. Furthermore, after adjusting for baseline scores, a significant difference remained in the 3 month mean self-rated VAS scores (EQ-5D-5 L scale) between the intervention and control groups, 65.7 (SD = 15.3) vs. 57.4 (SD = 22.9), F (1, 60) =4.16, p = 0.05, ηp2 = 0.065. The mean difference in change mean self-rated VAS scores was also statistically significant with an effect size (Cohen’s d) of 0.51. Conclusions Our findings suggest that supportive text messages are a potentially useful psychological intervention for depression, especially in underserved populations. Further studies are needed to explore the implications of our findings in larger clinical samples. Trial registration ClinicalTrials.gov NCT02327858 . Registered 24 December 2014.
- ItemOpen AccessReducing readmission rates for individuals discharged from acute psychiatric care in Alberta using peer and text message support: Protocol for an innovative supportive program(2022-03-12) Eboreime, Ejemai; Shalaby, Reham; Mao, Wanying; Owusu, Ernest; Vuong, Wesley; Surood, Shireen; Bales, Kerry; MacMaster, Frank P.; McNeil, Diane; Rittenbach, Katherine; Ohinmaa, Arto; Bremault-Phillips, Suzette; Hilario, Carla; Greiner, Russ; Knox, Michelle; Chafe, Janet; Coulombe, Jeff; Xin-Min, Li; McLean, Carla; Rathwell, Rebecca; Snaterse, Mark; Spurvey, Pamela; Taylor, Valerie H.; McLean, Susan; Urichuk, Liana; Tzeggai, Berhe; McCabe, Christopher; Grauwiler, David; Jordan, Sara; Brown, Ed; Fors, Lindy; Savard, Tyla; Grunau, Mara; Kelton, Frank; Stauffer, Sheila; Cao, Bo; Chue, Pierre; Abba-Aji, Adam; Silverstone, Peter; Nwachukwu, Izu; Greenshaw, Andrew; Agyapong, Vincent I. O.Abstract Background Individuals discharged from inpatient psychiatry units have the highest readmission rates of all hospitalized patients. These readmissions are often due to unmet need for mental health care compounded by limited human resources. Reducing the need for hospital admissions by providing alternative effective care will mitigate the strain on the healthcare system and for people with mental illnesses and their relatives. We propose implementation and evaluation of an innovative program which augments Mental Health Peer Support with an evidence-based supportive text messaging program developed using the principles of cognitive behavioral therapy. Methods A pragmatic stepped-wedge cluster-randomized trial, where daily supportive text messages (Text4Support) and mental health peer support are the interventions, will be employed. We anticipate recruiting 10,000 participants at the point of their discharge from 9 acute care psychiatry sites and day hospitals across four cities in Alberta. The primary outcome measure will be the number of psychiatric readmissions within 30 days of discharge. We will also evaluate implementation outcomes such as reach, acceptability, fidelity, and sustainability. Our study will be guided by the Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research, and the Reach-Effectiveness-Adoption-Implementation-Maintenance framework. Data will be extracted from administrative data, surveys, and qualitative methods. Quantitative data will be analysed using machine learning. Qualitative interviews will be transcribed and analyzed thematically using both inductive and deductive approaches. Conclusions To our knowledge, this will be the first large-scale clinical trial to assess the impact of a daily supportive text message program with and without mental health peer support for individuals discharged from acute psychiatric care. We anticipate that the interventions will generate significant cost-savings by reducing readmissions, while improving access to quality community mental healthcare and reducing demand for acute care. It is envisaged that the results will shed light on the effectiveness, as well as contextual barriers and facilitators to implementation of automated supportive text message and mental health peer support interventions to reduce the psychological treatment and support gap for patients who have been discharged from acute psychiatric care. Trial registration clinicaltrials.gov, NCT05133726 . Registered 24 November 2021
- ItemOpen AccessThe Socioeconomic impact of telehealth: Results from systematic literature review.(2002-09) Ohinmaa, Arto; Jennett, Penny; Hailey, David; Scott, Richard; Thomas, RogerPresentation content includes determinants of socioeconomic indicators; quality of economic analysis criteria and perspective of the economic analysis; research strategy; selection of sub-specialties for closer assessment; and initial results from pediatrics, mental health and radiology.
- ItemOpen AccessThe use of EQ-5D-5L as a patient-reported outcome measure in evaluating community rehabilitation services in Alberta, Canada(2023-11-17) Short, Hilary; Al Sayah, Fatima; Churchill, Katie; Keogh, Eileen; Warner, Lisa; Ohinmaa, Arto; Johnson, Jeffrey A.Abstract Background The purpose of this study was to describe the characteristics and health-related quality of life (HRQL) of patients accessing community rehabilitation services in Alberta, Canada, using routinely collected EQ-5D-5L data, and explore factors associated with the impact of these services. Methods A retrospective, longitudinal, observational design was used. Patients completed the EQ-5D-5L and demographic questions at intake and end of rehabilitation care. Change in EQ-5D-5L dimensions from intake until end of rehabilitation was examined using the Pareto Classification of Health Change. Change scores were calculated for the EQ-5D-5L index, VAS, and total sum scores. Change groups in the EQ-5D-5L index and VAS scores, were defined by minimally important differences of 0.04 and 7.0, respectively. One level change was considered important for the total sum score. Effect size of the change in index, VAS, and total sum scores was also examined. Chi-squared tests were conducted to examine whether change in EQ-5D-5L varied by age, gender, region, and having anxiety/depression at intake. Results Three service programs were examined; pulmonary rehabilitation (n = 542), group-based community exercise (n = 463), and physiotherapy for bone and joint care (n = 391). At intake, HRQL in all programs was lower than that of the general Alberta population norms and improved by end of rehabilitation. The mean (SD) change in index, VAS, and total sum scores were 0.02 (0.13), 6.0 (18.3), and − 0.5 (2.4) in pulmonary rehabilitation, 0.06 (0.13), 6.6 (18.7), − 1.2 (2.4) in community exercise, and 0.13 (0.16), 1.2 (0.9), and − 2.8 (2.8) in physiotherapy, respectively. Based on change of the index score, 24% deteriorated, 38% improved, and 38% had no change in pulmonary rehabilitation; 17% deteriorated, 51% improved, and 32% had no change in community exercise; 5% deteriorated, 72% improved, and 23% had no change in physiotherapy. Similar trends were seen in the VAS and total sum scores. Older age, urban region, and having anxiety/depression at intake were associated with positive change in EQ-5D-5L. Conclusions The results of this study are intended to inform program/service level decisions by describing the characteristics and HRQL of patients accessing community rehabilitation, as well as the predictors of change in health status, which will help direct future program growth and service changes.