Browsing Graduate Studies by Department "Anthropology"
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- ItemOpen AccessA case study in the communication of risk: the siting of a waste management project in Kirkland Lake(1997) Emmerson, Cheryl; Fleising, Usher
- ItemOpen AccessA census of the howler monkey population in damaged forests on Monkey River, Belize(2005) McGoogan, Keriann Charlotte; Pavelka, Mary S. McDonaldFive forest transects were surveyed in Monkey River, Belize to document the population parameters of Alouatta pigra. This area experienced extensive habitat damage due to Hurricane Iris in 2001 and a forest fire that occurred in 2003. The population density for the watershed is 12.31 individuals/km2. Group sizes are small, the majority of groups are unimale, age ratios are skewed towards adults, and there is an even sex ratio. A. pigra in the watershed area are probably under dietary stress due to a lack of resources since the hurricane and the fire. The monkeys were most frequently observed inactive, likely due to an increased consumption of low-quality foods: they were rarely seen eating higher quality food items like fruit or flowers. It is clear that conservation action needs to be taken to protect the future of this population.
- ItemOpen AccessA Choice under Constraints: Child Labour in Hong Kong from 1950 to 1971(2016) Lau, Nga Yee; Smart, Alan; Adorjan, Michael; Jameson, ElizabethThis is the untold story of child labour in Hong Kong from 1950 to 1971. Based on 31 interviews conducted mostly with former child labourers and archival research, this thesis examines the many facets of child work from former child labourers’ perspectives. This study aims to broaden our understanding of the post-war economic miracle, child work experiences, and why children worked and contributed to the household economy. While the world was eager to stop child labour, the influx of Chinese newcomers kept it alive. Although some children chose to work out of filial motivations, they made their choices under duress and debased socioeconomic conditions. Family circumstances, limited education access and the lack of poor relief were among the constraints that reinforced their choices. This research enriches the mainstream narrative of Hong Kong’s economic success by documenting the toil and sweat of the post-war generation that built contemporary Hong Kong.
- ItemOpen AccessA cognitive explanation of symbolic-religious appropriation(1999) Blair, Derek; Frideres, James S.
- ItemEmbargoA cultural-ecological study of Howard Township, Ontario(1974) Goodlet, Margaret Macdougall; Serl, Vernon C.
- ItemOpen AccessA network analysis of Vietnamese criminal organizations(1993) Prowse, Catherine Elaine; Hatt, Doyle G.
- ItemOpen AccessA philosophy of pragmatism: Canadian instructors' take on taekwon-do(2000) Czarnecki, Marzena Adriana; Smart, Josephine
- ItemOpen AccessA Sensitivity Analysis on the Airborne Conflict Rate in a Free Flight Concept(2018-11-15) Costa, Larissa Moreira; De Barros, Alexandre Gomes; Wirasinghe, Sumedha Chandana; Waters, Nigel M.; De Barros, Alexandre GomesThe Free Flight (FF) concept is a potential alternative to improve route efficiency and airspace capacity (17). This research aims to evaluate how gains in airspace capacity correlates to losses in airspace safety within a FF scenario. The variables chosen to indicate airspace capacity are the airspace size and the number of aircraft within this airspace. For a 2-D scenario, the simulation results indicate that the averages time, distance or speed (time and distance) flown by the aircraft impacts on the average conflict rate per aircraft per hour.
- ItemOpen AccessA study of gestural communication during sexual behaviour in Bonobos (Pan paniscus Schwartz)(1995) Roth, Roma R.; Paterson, James D.
- ItemOpen AccessA tree for all reasons: the Maya and the 'Sacred' ceiba(1995) Guest, Gregory Stephen; Konrad, Herman W.
- ItemOpen AccessAccommodation, resistance and rebellion: industrial relations in a British Columbia coal mine(1991) Rouse, Michael John; Fleising, Usher
- ItemOpen AccessThe Acoustic Structure and Ontogeny of Vervet Monkey Vocalizations(2019-11) Dubreuil, Colin; Notman, Hugh; Pavelka, Mary McDonald; Henzi, Peter; Hare, James; Fedigan, Linda Marie; Barclay, Robert Malcolm RuthvenVervet monkey (Chlorocebus pygerythrus) vocalizations have been the subject of considerable research, most notably for their putative language-like qualities. While this focus has inspired a productive research effort investigating vocal communication in non-human primates, it has diverted attention away from other, non-linguistically inspired mechanisms by which vocal signals exert their effects on receivers. My research focuses on two vocal classes, grunts and alarm calls, and how their acoustic structures vary according to sender-specific attributes, including age, sex, body size, and identity - all of which have the potential to influence receiver response. I recorded calls from three wild groups of vervet monkeys over a 7-month period on the Samara Game Reserve, South Africa. I used random forest models to determine whether grunts varied in structure in relation to caller age, sex, identity and context, and whether alarms varied with sex and caller identity. I performed a cluster analysis to determine whether alarms segregated into different call types based on variation in acoustic structure. Finally, I used a series of mixed effects models to determine whether call structure in males and females correlated with overall body size (using body weight as a proxy). I found grunts varied in structure with age and sex, but not among individuals or contexts. Alarm calls varied with both sex and identity. My cluster analysis identified two qualitatively distinct alarm call types corresponding to the calls of males and females respectively. My analysis demonstrated that the relationship between body weight and the distribution of acoustic energy throughout alarm calls differed between the sexes. Relative to females, acoustic energy in the calls of males was concentrated at disproportionately lower frequencies. These results suggest that alarm calls may be under selection to exaggerate caller body size and/or extend the effective range of these signals in males. My results highlight that vocalizations can vary in structure along a number of dimensions simultaneously. While it is possible that in some instances, vocalizations convey specific information surrounding their context of production, it is likely that the mechanisms by which vocal signals exert their effects on receivers are more numerous and diverse.
- ItemOpen AccessAdult male intragroup behaviour in Japanese macaques (Macaca fuscata)(1994) Tillekeratne, Sasrika Neelakshi; Pavelka, Mary S. McDonald
- ItemOpen AccessAdult male orangutan ranging behaviours in Gunung Palung national park, West Kalimantan, Indonesia(1999) Parsons, Sera; Sicotte, Pascale
- ItemOpen AccessAffiliation patterns in female alouatta pigra in Belize(2002) Nowak, Dana Michelle; Pavelka, Mary S. McDonald
- ItemOpen AccessAggregate and agitation: an analysis of risk utilizing an example of community organization in western Alberta(1998) Pickup, Darren Harold Frank; Hatt, Doyle G.
- ItemOpen AccessAlternative Albertan Agriculture(2022-11) Cannon, Nathaneal; McKay, Ben; Apentik, Rowland; Walls, MatthewHumanity is facing multiple crises. We are simultaneously experiencing a climate crisis, ecological degradation, rising inequality, and issues in access and distribution of nutritious food. While there is no panacea for these problems, the way we use ecosystems to produce food, the type of food produced, and how food is distributed are important questions in addressing these crises. Alternative methods of agricultural production, or alternative farming methods (AFM), can be a set of tools that help societies address these intersecting environmental and socio-economic injustices. While a body of literature is growing on alternative farming methods as a tool to promote ecosystem services, reduce the climate emissions of the agricultural sector, and sustain the livelihoods of small and medium sized farms, a gap remains as to the social, economic, and political dimensions of the lived experiences of alternative farmers in Alberta, Canada. To address this deficit, the proposed study asks: how and why do farmers in Alberta choose to pursue alternative agricultural practices vis-à-vis the dominant mode of industrial agricultural production. The “how” subcomponent of the research question centres on themes such as the farmer’s experience accessing land, interfacing with capitalist markets, community supported agriculture (CSA), marketing, “cheap food,” networks, and knowledge. The “why” subcomponent of the research question seeks to explore the farmer’s journey to their chosen farming practice, focusing on such themes as their relationship to the land, environmental stewardship, farmer identities, (competing) meanings of regenerative agriculture, and political identities and aspirations. The thesis explores these topics through three case studies, one urban and two rural farms, spanning central and southern Alberta. Under a political ecology analytical framework, semi-structured interviews, participant observation, and visual ethnographic methods were employed. In addition to this written thesis, a 30-minute film was produced to deepen the reader’s understanding of alternative agriculture in Alberta and expand the audience for this research to include members of the public for whom a written academic thesis would be inaccessible. Overall, this research seeks to bring a greater awareness to alternative farming and help inform public debate on local food systems in Alberta.