Browsing Libraries & Cultural Resources by Subject "Aboriginal Peoples"
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- ItemOpen AccessControlled Vocabulary and Indigenous Terminology in Canadian Arctic Legal Research(2019-12-22) Hoffman, NadineCataloguers apply subject headings at the time they catalogue an item. As such, newer, contemporary terms used now to describe Indigenous Peoples and cultures differ from older, historical terminology of the past. This chapter analyses appropriate contemporary and historical controlled vocabulary including Canadian Subject Headings (CSH) and indexes for case law from 1892, as well as the legal literature indexes used in Canadian legal research. Changes in library subject headings and legal index taxonomy reflect changes in social norms, database practices, legal definitions, and various jurisdictions of Indigenous Peoples, including those located in Arctic Canada. Vernacular changes for subject headings were faster to shift for the collective term describing Indigenous Peoples in Arctic Canada, Inuit who were originally called Eskimo, when compared with other Aboriginal populations, notably First Nations, originally called Indian, and Métis. Contemporary researchers of Inuit Peoples and culture are encouraged to adapt search strategies that reflect both historical and contemporary terminology to effectively retrieve relevant database results across time even when outdated search terms must be used.
- ItemOpen AccessEffective Indigenous Terminology in Canadian Legal Research for the Arctic(2017-06-09) Hoffman, NadineTerms used in today’s society to describe Indigenous Peoples and cultures are significantly different than historical terminology. Contemporary Arctic and Indigenous researchers will know current keywords to conduct their research, but may not be able to locate historical documents if they are not cognizant of the changing terms used throughout history. This paper will analyze appropriate contemporary and historical keywords in the context of Canadian legal research best practices. Keywords used to effectively find Aboriginal resources will illustrate changes in taxonomy reflecting changes in societal norms, database practices, legal definitions, and the various jurisdictions of Aboriginal Peoples. A survey of Canadian law libraries will be conducted to analyze subject headings found in library catalogues, legal indexes, and other primary and secondary resources. Given the interdisciplinary nature of law, this paper will be applicable to most Indigenous scholars across the Social Sciences and Humanities.