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dc.contributor.advisorAbedi, Jalal
dc.contributor.authorKARIZNOVI, MOHAMMAD
dc.date.accessioned2013-11-20T18:07:06Z
dc.date.available2016-01-07T16:33:57Z
dc.date.issued2013-11-20
dc.date.submitted2013en
dc.identifier.citationKARIZNOVI, MOHAMMAD. (2013). Phase Behaviour Study and Physical Properties Measurement for Athabasca Bitumen / Solvent Systems Applicable for Thermal and Hybrid Solvent Recovery Processes (Unpublished doctoral thesis). University of Calgary, Calgary, AB. doi:10.11575/PRISM/27326en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11023/1165
dc.description.abstractThe development of solvent-based and hybrid (solvent + steam) processes is hampered by limited data and modeling methodologies for bitumen/solvent systems. The economics of these processes depend on the efficiency of oil recovery and solvent recycling, both of which are a function of the phase behaviour solvent/bitumen system. Additionally, accurate phase behaviour data are critical for pipeline transportation, surface upgrading, and the design of refinery processes. Despite its importance, the study of phase behaviour has received less attention. The quantitative effects of solvent on bitumen viscosity, density, and transport mechanisms are also not well understood. The main aim of this research is to achieve a better understanding of the phase behaviour of bitumen/solvent systems at high temperatures approaching the conditions of in situ steam processes. The intention is not to develop recovery processes, but to provide the basic data and mechanistic understanding necessary for the quantitative assessment of these processes. This study focused on measuring and predicting the phase behaviour and thermo-properties of bitumen/solvent mixtures under different equilibrium conditions (single liquid, vapour-liquid, and liquid-liquid) over a wide range of temperatures (ambient to 200oC) and pressures (atmospheric to 10 MPa). An in-house pressure-volume-temperature (PVT) apparatus was designed and fabricated with a new, reliable phase detection method. The equilibrium properties of bitumen/solvent including phase composition, solubility, k-values, and thermo-physical properties (density and viscosity) which are required for the optimization of heated solvent-assisted bitumen recovery processes were experimentally measured. The experiments cover a wide range of solvents including hydrocarbon gases (methane and butane), carbon dioxide, and liquid hydrocarbons (pentane, heptane, and toluene). The effects of the equilibrium conditions (temperature and pressure) and the initial solvent concentration on the measured properties were investigated. The qualitative phase diagrams were also developed and evaluated based on the measurements and the volumetric behaviour of the mixtures. The correlation and prediction schemes were applied to represent the density and viscosity of raw bitumen and its mixtures diluted with liquid solvents. The bitumen was characterized and the Peng and Robinson equation of state was tuned and coupled with a characterization scheme to model the phase behaviour experimental data (density and solubility) for reservoir modeling purposes.en_US
dc.language.isoeng
dc.rightsUniversity of Calgary graduate students retain copyright ownership and moral rights for their thesis. You may use this material in any way that is permitted by the Copyright Act or through licensing that has been assigned to the document. For uses that are not allowable under copyright legislation or licensing, you are required to seek permission.
dc.subjectEngineering
dc.subjectEngineering--Chemical
dc.subjectEngineering--Petroleum
dc.subject.classificationBitumenen_US
dc.subject.classificationPhase Behaviouren_US
dc.subject.classificationSolventen_US
dc.subject.classificationExperimentalen_US
dc.subject.classificationModelingen_US
dc.subject.classificationThermal Processen_US
dc.subject.classificationHybrid Solvent Recovery Processesen_US
dc.subject.classificationOptimazationen_US
dc.titlePhase Behaviour Study and Physical Properties Measurement for Athabasca Bitumen / Solvent Systems Applicable for Thermal and Hybrid Solvent Recovery Processes
dc.typedoctoral thesis
dc.publisher.facultyGraduate Studies
dc.description.embargoterms2 yearsen_US
dc.publisher.institutionUniversity of Calgaryen
dc.identifier.doihttp://dx.doi.org/10.11575/PRISM/27326
thesis.degree.nameDoctor of Philosophy
thesis.degree.namePhD
thesis.degree.disciplineChemical and Petroleum Engineering
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Calgary
atmire.migration.oldid1632
dc.publisher.placeCalgaryen


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