This project aims to develop scientific as well as technical foundations towards realization of a novel platform for light-matter interaction based on tapered optical nanofibers that enable to interface neutral atoms in their vicinity. A setup for magneto-optical trap (MOT) has been built. Tapered nanofibers (TNFs) of sub-wavelength diameter, with transmission of 95 percent have been fabricated and characterized. Next, a nanofiber is transferred into the MOT setup and installed inside the vacuum chamber. The MOT cloud and nanofiber are made to spatially overlap inside ultra-high vacuum (UHV). Coupling of fluorescence of MOT into the guided mode of TNF has been observed. This clearly shows the coupling of atoms with the fiber-guided mode and that our interface works. In addition, 65-70 percent absorption of a free space beam by the atomic cloud has been observed and the relevant MOT parameters are obtained from it. Our efforts are directed towards observing interaction of atoms with the fiber-guided light via evanescent field. Attempts have been made to observe absorption of a probe beam through the nanofiber by the MOT cloud and techniques for switching on-off the MOT beams, the probe beam and the magnetic field are developed for that purpose.
Ultimately, the goal will be to trap atoms in the vicinity of a nanofiber enabling to reach a large optical depth accompanied by the ability to reach high intensities for low optical power. I will present my work on the development of this MOT-nanofiber interface - a new promising platform for research in nonlinear quantum optics, quantum information science and technology, quantum communication and hybrid quantum system.