Women are actively involved as combatants in many irregular armed forces. This runs counter to a common belief that when involved with an armed group, women are limited to traditional gender roles such as cooking, cleaning, and being a wife. By opposing traditional gender assumptions during conflict, these women are often rejected or stigmatized by their community following their return from the force – indicating that they have failed in their reintegration post conflict. This represents the case for women who have returned from the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA) in Northern Uganda. In seeking to explain this outcome for ex-LRA women in comparison to women who did not serve in the LRA, and to men who returned from the force as well, this thesis raises the question: why are women who are returning from the LRA unsuccessful in their reintegration?