Psychological disorder and obesity in adolescence
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AbstractThe purpose of this study was to compare symptoms of emotional disorder, low self-esteem, conduct disorder, and attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) across weight groups classified as normal weight, overweight, and obese. Data on 2394 12 to 15 year olds were obtained from the National Longitudinal Survey of Children and Youth, Cycle 3. Multivariate analysis of variance and follow up analyses indicated that obese males reported significantly more emotional disorder symptoms, while obese males and females both reported lower levels of self-esteem that their non-obese peers. Chi-square analysis indicated that clinically significant symptoms of emotional disorder, low self-esteem, and ADHD were significantly more prevalent in the obese adolescents than their non-obese peers. Finally, regression analysis revealed that ADHD symptoms accounted for more variance in symptoms of emotional disorder and low self-esteem in the obese group than in the non-obese group.
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