Integrated analysis of primary health care accessibility for aboriginal communities in Alberta
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AbstractThe purpose of this study is to investigate accessibility of primary health care services for Aboriginal people in Alberta in two dimensions: spatial and non-spatial. The spatial dimension is represented by travel time and geographical distance to health services. The non-spatial dimension is based on a number of different economic and socio-demographic factors and emphasizes the importance of non-geographic barriers between consumers and providers of health care. An integrated approach consisting of both quantitative and qualitative methods is employed in order to better assess spatial accessibility; this is measured by travel time from reserves to the nearest health care provider using GIS (Geographic Information Systems) techniques. Finally, a spatial regression model is estimated in order to explore the correlation between population health status and accessibility to health care provision -as measured through the above method-, in conjunction with a set of relevant socio-economic and demographic factors.
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