The importance of voltage-gated calcium channels is underscored by the multitude of intracellular processes that depend on calcium, notably gene regulation and neurotransmission. Given their pivotal roles in calcium (and hence, cellular) homeostasis, voltage-gated calcium channels have been the subject of intense research, much of which has focused on channel regulation. While ongoing research continues to delineate the myriad of interactions that govern calcium channel regulation, an increasing amount of work has focused on the trafficking of voltage-gated calcium channels. This includes the mechanisms by which calcium channels are targeted to the plasma membrane, and, more specifically, to their appropriate loci within a given cell. In addition, we are beginning to gain some insights into the mechanisms by which calcium channels can be removed from the plasma membrane for recycling and/or degradation. Here we highlight recent advances in our understanding of these fundamentally important mechanisms.