Ecuador as Victim: The Development of the Discourse on the Territorial Dispute with Peru, 1860-1981
AdvisorKiddle, Amelia M.
AuthorLalama Vargas, Andres Leonardo
Committee MemberKraay, Hendrik
Montes Garcés, Elizabeth
Latin American History
Latin American Studies
Ecuador -- Boundaries -- Peru
Critical Discourse Analysis
Amazon River Basin
Ecuador -- Foreign Relations -- Peru
History of Ideas
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AbstractThis thesis investigates the historical trajectory of the dominant Ecuadorian narrative of its territorial conflict with Peru. Through qualitative discourse analysis of monographs, pamphlets, and textbooks dedicated to the long conflict, it shows the development of a discussion with its own consistency and internal logic, a discourse in the Foucauldian sense. Above all, this discourse possessed a nation-building logic in which Peru was depicted as its main existential threat and nemesis. Thanks to this discourse, the long and complex territorial dispute became a means to achieve and strengthen national cohesion, and to strengthen the idea of Ecuadorian nation. Given that the political, cultural, and economic rapprochement that Ecuador and Peru experienced after the final peace settlement of 1998 contributed to a decades-long radical reformulation of the idea of Ecuadorian national community, this thesis aims to contribute to the understanding of Ecuadorian nationalism by analyzing one of its key aspects in relation to the country’s territory and an external other.
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