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dc.contributor.advisorYeaman, Sam
dc.contributor.authorReeve, James
dc.date2020-06
dc.date.accessioned2019-11-04T19:49:16Z
dc.date.available2019-11-04T19:49:16Z
dc.date.issued2019-10-31
dc.identifier.citationReeve, J. (2019). The genetic basis of convergent evolution among three species of fishes (Unpublished master's thesis). University of Calgary, Calgary, AB.en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1880/111199
dc.description.abstractThe genetic basis of convergent evolution can be identified by comparing changes in allele frequencies across multiple species under the same environmental conditions. Patterns of elevated genetic divergence among populations or reduced genetic diversity within populations that are shared among species are often inferred as the product of convergent local adaptation. However, there are several other evolutionary processes that can produce similar patterns, making it hard to infer if these genetic patterns are caused by local adaptation. This study attempted to identify genetic candidates for convergent evolution by comparing pooled whole-genome data among three species of fish. Due to unexpectedly high genetic divergence among populations the ninespine stickleback (Pungitius pungitius) had to be removed from the analysis. Meaning the genetic patterns of local adaptation could only be compared between the two remaining species of fish. No candidates of convergent evolution were identified between the threespine stickleback (Gasterosteus aculeatus) and tubesnout (Aulorhynchus flavidus), indicating that either these species are responding to the same environmental pressure with different genetic changes, or that some unidentified aspect of the environment is leading to divergent patterns of local adaptation. Overall, this study demonstrates some of the potential problems with using genome scans that can make it difficult to identify the genetic basis of convergent evolution.en_US
dc.language.isoengen_US
dc.rightsUniversity of Calgary graduate students retain copyright ownership and moral rights for their thesis. You may use this material in any way that is permitted by the Copyright Act or through licensing that has been assigned to the document. For uses that are not allowable under copyright legislation or licensing, you are required to seek permission.en_US
dc.subjectConvergent Evolutionen_US
dc.subjectPopulation Geneticsen_US
dc.subjectGenomicsen_US
dc.subject.classificationBiologyen_US
dc.subject.classificationBioinformaticsen_US
dc.subject.classificationGeneticsen_US
dc.titleThe genetic basis of convergent evolution among three species of fishesen_US
dc.typemaster thesisen_US
dc.publisher.facultyScienceen_US
dc.publisher.institutionUniversity of Calgaryen
thesis.degree.nameMaster of Science (MSc)en_US
thesis.degree.disciplineBiological Sciencesen_US
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Calgaryen_US
dc.contributor.committeememberRogers, Sean M.
dc.contributor.committeememberDe Koning, A. P. Jason
ucalgary.item.requestcopytrueen_US


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University of Calgary graduate students retain copyright ownership and moral rights for their thesis. You may use this material in any way that is permitted by the Copyright Act or through licensing that has been assigned to the document. For uses that are not allowable under copyright legislation or licensing, you are required to seek permission.