Mild behavioral impairment: measurement and clinical correlates of a novel marker of preclinical Alzheimer’s disease
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AbstractAbstract Background Late-life onset neuropsychiatric symptoms are established risk factors for dementia. The mild behavioral impairment (MBI) diagnostic framework was designed to standardize assessment to determine dementia risk better. In this Mini Review, we summarize the emerging clinical and biomarker evidence, which suggests that for some, MBI is a marker of preclinical Alzheimer’s disease. Main MBI is generally more common in those with greater cognitive impairment. In community and clinical samples, frequency is around 10–15%. Mounting evidence in cognitively normal samples links MBI symptoms with known AD biomarkers for amyloid, tau, and neurodegeneration, as well as AD risk genes. Clinical studies have found detectable differences in cognition associated with MBI in cognitively unimpaired people. Conclusion The emerging evidence from biomarker and clinical studies suggests MBI can be an early manifestation of underlying neurodegenerative disease. Future research must now further validate MBI to improve identification of those at the very earliest stages of disease.
CitationAlzheimer's Research & Therapy. 2022 Jan 05;14(1):2