Aspects of intra-urban mobility: Calgary, 1963-68
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AbstractThis study was concerned with the intra-urban mobility process in Calgary during a five year period, 1963-68. It focused on both the mobility of households and the general locational preferences of households in the mobile and stable stages of their life-cycle. Using data obtained from a sample population of the city of Calgary, those few important variables underlying the past mobility behaviour of households were identified. Movers were found to have a higher probability of having a head of household under 35 year of age; having young children; a higher educational level; more yearly employment; renting their past and present dwelling; and greater dissatisfaction with both dwelling unit and neighbourhood. Stayers were found to have a higher probability of having a head of household over 35 years of age; having no young children; a lower level of education; less yearly employment; owning their present and past dwelling; and less dissatisfaction with both dwelling unit and neighbourhood. When the variables were used in a discriminant analysis, they were collectively responsible for correctly classifying 80% of the sample population into one of the two mobility possibilities: mover households or stayer households. The study also sought to evaluate whether the general locational preferences of mover and stayer households in Calgary could support the hypothesis that mover households prefer central and peripheral locations while stayer households prefer locations in the intermediate, or middle ring, suburbs. While the spatial patterning of mobility, as measured by length of residence, did appear to accord with the hypothesis, the hypothesis could not be fully supported. The discriminant analysis permitted the deviant mover and stayer households to be isolated from the typical mover and stayer households. The spatial distribution of the movers was the result of two different distributions; those of the typical and deviant movers. Similarly the spatial distribution of the stayers was the result of two different distributions; those of the typical and deviant stayer. It was suggested that the differing locational preferences of the deviant households offered a partial explanation of why the hypothesis above would not be fully supported. Thus the study found that the life-cycle model of intraurban residential mobility, while providing help in explaining why families move, could not adequately explain the locational preferences of households.
Bibliography: p. 125-127.
CitationMohan, E. M. (1971). Aspects of intra-urban mobility: Calgary, 1963-68 (Unpublished master's thesis). University of Calgary, Calgary, AB. doi:10.11575/PRISM/23644
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