A Study of the crack propagation in backfilled and unbackfilled pressurized gas pipelines
LccTA 409 G85 1980 Fiche
Gas, Natural - Pipe lines
Gas, Natural - Pipe line failures
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AbstractShear fractures can propagate over a considerable distance in pressurized gas pipelines. This has been demonstrated by experimental tests performed by Battelle Memorial Institute. An understanding of the phenomenon is sought in order that a suitable design criterion can be adopted to prevent such failures. Experimental test results have been used to gain an insight into the phenomenon, and also to provide data by which theoretical solutions can be judged. The theoretical treatment in this thesis is based upon a balance between the energy supplied by the exhausting gas pressure, and that dissipated as fracture and kinetic energy. The energy terms are evaluated separately for bulge and flap portions of a fracturing pipe. The development of the balance requires a detailed understanding of gaseous decompression, pipe deformation and shear fracture extension. Based on the energy balance, the conditions for crack arrest are established for the suggested model and two other existing models. These conditions are in terms of a non-dimensional energy ratio which discriminates between propagation and arrest behaviour. Arrest data is used to verify the validity and correctness of the three models. Finally, energy equations are established for backfilled pressurized gas pipelines.
Bibliography: p. 89-92.
CitationGupta, P. P. (1980). A Study of the crack propagation in backfilled and unbackfilled pressurized gas pipelines (Unpublished master's thesis). University of Calgary, Calgary, AB. doi:10.11575/PRISM/24482
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