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dc.contributor.advisorBehie, Leo A.
dc.contributor.authorPapathanasiou, Athanasios
dc.date.accessioned2005-07-21T21:45:17Z
dc.date.available2005-07-21T21:45:17Z
dc.date.issued1987
dc.identifier.citationPapathanasiou, A. (1987). Dynamic modelling of an immobilized enzyme bioreactor (Unpublished master's thesis). University of Calgary, Calgary, AB. doi:10.11575/PRISM/11532en_US
dc.identifier.isbn0315380616en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1880/23814
dc.descriptionBibliography: p. 81-84.en
dc.description.abstractDynamic experiments provide an excellent means for the determination of crucial process parameters, such as the axial Peclet number, the intraparticle and external mass transfer coefficient and the intraparticle reaction rate constant, in fixed or liquid fluidized bed immobilized enzyme bioreactors. The absence of a complete and comprehensive solution of the model equations in the real time domain, as well as significant advances in the area of statistical mo­ments analysis has rendered the latter approach the dominant one for parameter estimation in fluid-solid reacting systems. Nevertheless, an efficient and easily implementable solution of the model equations in the real time domain, as opposed to the solution in the Laplace domain needed for the statistical moments analysis, opens new possibilities in the design of fixed or fluidized bed bioreactors since, apart from parameter estimation via dynamic experiments, it is suitable for simulation, optimization and control. This paper presents a dynamic model for a fixed or liquid fluid bed immobilized enzyme bioreactor, along with a novel method for the solu­tion of the coupled partial differential equations in the real time domain. Both, the tanks-in­series and the dispersion models have been used to describe the non ideal axial mixing in the reactor. The solution, in its final form, comes in both cases as a system of simultaneous ordi­nary differential equations; this is readily implementable on a computer and can be easily solved by commercially available software packages. Based on this solution, a complete parametric analysis was performed. That analysis revealed the importance of intraparticle and external mass transfer resistances, intraparticle chemical reactio?? and axial dispersion on the transient behaviour of the reactor. Most important, that analysis revealed ways for parameter estimation and system identification via simple dynamic experiments. The design and optimization implica­tions of the study are finally demonstrated by using the derived solution to simulate the perfor­mance of an immobilized urease bioreactor with a recycle loop. Such a configuration is charac­terized by time varying feed concentration and can be used, as part of an extracorporeal artificial kidney device, for the treatment of uremic patients.
dc.format.extentxv, 84 leaves : ill. ; 30 cm.en
dc.language.isoeng
dc.rightsUniversity of Calgary graduate students retain copyright ownership and moral rights for their thesis. You may use this material in any way that is permitted by the Copyright Act or through licensing that has been assigned to the document. For uses that are not allowable under copyright legislation or licensing, you are required to seek permission.
dc.subject.lccQP 601.5 P37 1987en
dc.subject.lcshImmobilized enzymes
dc.subject.lcshDiffusion
dc.titleDynamic modelling of an immobilized enzyme bioreactor
dc.typemaster thesis
dc.publisher.facultyEngineering
dc.publisher.institutionUniversity of Calgaryen
dc.identifier.doihttp://dx.doi.org/10.11575/PRISM/11532
thesis.degree.nameMaster of Science
thesis.degree.nameMS
thesis.degree.nameMSc
thesis.degree.disciplineChemical and Petroleum Engineering
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Calgary
dc.identifier.lccQP 601.5 P37 1987en
dc.publisher.placeCalgaryen
ucalgary.thesis.notesoffsiteen
ucalgary.thesis.uarcreleaseyen
ucalgary.item.requestcopytrue
ucalgary.thesis.accessionTheses Collection 58.002:Box 632 520541702


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University of Calgary graduate students retain copyright ownership and moral rights for their thesis. You may use this material in any way that is permitted by the Copyright Act or through licensing that has been assigned to the document. For uses that are not allowable under copyright legislation or licensing, you are required to seek permission.