The United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity, 1992, calls on all parties to conserve biological diversity and to ensure that the use of biological diversity is sustainable. Article 8 provides for the conservation of biological diversity through the protection of ecosystems, wild species and genetic diversity in their natural surroundings. The Convention requires the parties to establish protected areas and protect threatened species and populations. This thesis infers that protected areas and protection of species strategies for the conservation of biological diversity have to be focused on conserving ecosystems, natural habitats and the maintenance and recovery of viable population of species and genetic diversity. Management plans play an important role in achieving these objectives. Ultimately the thesis asserts that the public in general and local communities in particular, have a significant role to play in the success of in situ conservation of biological diversity especially in developing countries in Africa.
Bibliography: p. 197-211.