The work of Michel Foucault addresses one central issue: the di£! erent ways in which individuals are made into subjects of power. By identif) ing power and knowledge as one and the same, he asserts that the individt al subject is actually constructed from knowledge. By denying the existen1 e of an a priori self, Foucault advances that it is through discourse, which is the manifestation of the power /knowledge relationship, that the subject ta !,es form. Having contempt for modernity, Foucault uses genealogy to atta, k an uncreative society which is thoroughly focused on utility. His historie?? describe the rise of new, insidious, disciplinary power techniques, whic 1 has led to modern society resembling Nietzsche's "Last Men". By exploring Greek ethics, Foucault proposes a new set of power techniques that will increase "local" power and place the creative initiative in the hands of the individual, so he or she may lead a more creative and individual life.
Bibliography: p. 75-78.