Gender differences in suicidality, violence potential, and drug and alcohol abuse in an adolescent psychiatric sample
LccRJ 506 S9 B76 1995
LcshTeenagers - Suicidal behavior
Suicide - Sex differences
Aggressiveness (Psychology) - Sex differences
Sex differences (Psychology)
Teenagers - Drug abuse
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AbstractGender differences and age trends in suicidality, violence potential, and drug and alcohol abuse were examined in an adolescent psychiatric sample .. Archival data from 681 subjects, aged 12-19 years, were analyzed. Contingency tables using chi-square test statistic were used to test for significance between gender and age on selected variables (p=0.05). Significant gender differences emerged for variables suicide potential (p<0.01 ), violence potential (p<0.01 ), and drug abuse (p<0.01 ). Females were more likely than males to attempt suicide and abuse drugs, and were less likely to display violent behaviour than males. Significant differences in age trends emerged on variables suicide potential (p<0.01 ), alcohol abuse (p<0.01), and drug abuse (p<0.02). Older adolescents (> 16.1 years) were more likely on all variables to attempt suicide and abuse alcohol and drugs compared to the younger age groups (12.1-14.9 years and 15.0-16.0 years). These age and gender related differences are discussed within current prevalence rates of adolescent suicide and theories of suicidality.
Bibliography: p. 63-71.