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dc.contributor.advisorSvrcek, William Y.
dc.contributor.authorMonnery, Wayne David
dc.date.accessioned2005-07-29T22:12:10Z
dc.date.available2005-07-29T22:12:10Z
dc.date.issued1995
dc.identifier.citationMonnery, W. D. (1995). Viscosity prediction from a modified square well intermolecular potential model (Unpublished doctoral thesis). University of Calgary, Calgary, AB. doi:10.11575/PRISM/20596en_US
dc.identifier.isbn061212794Xen
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1880/29841
dc.descriptionBibliography: p. 188-198.en
dc.description.abstractIn the chemical and process industries, viscosity of pure components and mixtures is an important property in hydraulics, heat and mass transfer calculations. As was indicated by an extensive literature review, there is a need for an accurate analytical predictive method for calculating the viscosities of pure component gases and liquids. In this work, a theoretically based viscosity model was developed by modifying a statistical mechanics based viscosity model for dense fluids based on the square well intermolecular potential. The original theory was corrected to account for the assumptions of only two-body interactions and molecular chaos for velocities and for the inadequacy of the square well potential. The model was modified so that it approaches the theoretically correct low density limit and to improve the dilute gas temperature dependence. The resulting three parameters were regressed from both gas and liquid data simultaneously utilizing a consistent, reliable database of 191 organic and inorganic fluids. Regressed parameters were subsequently generalized using group contributions. The model requires molar mass, critical temperature, acentric factor and density as input parameters. The modified square well viscosity model is applicable across the entire density range from gas to liquid. Ultimately, for gas and liquid viscosities of a wide variety of nonpolar, polar and hydrogen-bonding fluids, data are correlated within about 1 % and 2%, respectively, and predictions with generalized parameters are within about 2% and 6%, respectively. These results are considerably better than those from existing models.
dc.format.extentxvi, 249 leaves ; 30 cm.en
dc.language.isoeng
dc.rightsUniversity of Calgary graduate students retain copyright ownership and moral rights for their thesis. You may use this material in any way that is permitted by the Copyright Act or through licensing that has been assigned to the document. For uses that are not allowable under copyright legislation or licensing, you are required to seek permission.
dc.subject.lccTA 357.5 V56 M66 1995en
dc.subject.lcshViscous flow
dc.subject.lcshFluid dynamics
dc.titleViscosity prediction from a modified square well intermolecular potential model
dc.typedoctoral thesis
dc.publisher.institutionUniversity of Calgaryen
dc.identifier.doihttp://dx.doi.org/10.11575/PRISM/20596
thesis.degree.nameDoctor of Philosophy (PhD)
thesis.degree.disciplineChemical and Petroleum Engineering
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Calgary
dc.identifier.lccTA 357.5 V56 M66 1995en
dc.publisher.placeCalgaryen
ucalgary.thesis.notesUARCen
ucalgary.thesis.uarcreleaseyen
ucalgary.item.requestcopytrue


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University of Calgary graduate students retain copyright ownership and moral rights for their thesis. You may use this material in any way that is permitted by the Copyright Act or through licensing that has been assigned to the document. For uses that are not allowable under copyright legislation or licensing, you are required to seek permission.