An exploration of attachment and phonological processing
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AbstractThe purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between attachment security and phonological processing skills of young children. The Attachment Doll Play tool was the projective instrument used to assess the internal working models and attachment security of 48 five- and six- year-olds. Based on story narratives, children were classified as either secure (confident), avoidant (casual), ambivalent (busy), or disorganized (frightened). Attachment classifications were compared to levels of phonological processing using the Comprehensive Test of Phonological Processing (C-TOPP). The main findings indicated that: 1) the classification distribution replicated previous attachment classification research, with the exception of the original Attachment Doll Play study (Solomon, George, & de Jong, 1995), 2) inter-rater reliability of this study was better than the original Attachment Doll Play study, and 3) there was a statistically significant difference between lower phonological processing scores and children classified as insecurely attached (F(2,41) = 4.4, .Q = .02]. In sum, results from this study suggest that attachment plays an important role in the development of phonological processing skills in young children and the Attachment Doll Play is a promising tool for assessing the internal working models of young children.
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