Forest Thinning Affects Reproduction in Pine Engravers (Coleoptera: Scolytidae) Breeding in Felled Lodgepole Pine Trees
Entomological Society of America
Reproduction in bark beetles (Coleoptera: Scolytidae) is known to be affected by abiotic factors, especiallytemperature, and bythe qualityof individual beetles. Both of these factors are affected byforest structure, yet the effects of forest structure on reproduction in bark beetles have not been widelyshown in Þeld studies. Here we investigate how changes in forest structure due to thinning of mature lodgepole pine, Pinus contorta variety latifolia Engelmann, stands affect reproduction in pine engravers, Ips pini (Say), breeding in felled trees. To do this, we excavated pine engraver gallerysy stems in thinned and unthinned stands at the end of the breeding season. Males in thinned stands attracted more females than in unthinned stands. Also, females in thinned stands extended their egg galleries farther, laid more eggs, and had higher egg densities than in unthinned stands. These results are consistent with increased temperatures in thinned stands, but mayalso be attributable to differences in individual qualityresulting from easier dispersal in thinned stands. Regardless, the observed increases in reproduction likelyreßect higher reproductive success in thinned stands than in unthinned stands, and the effects of thinning on population dynamics of bark beetles should be further investigated.
"Forest Thinning Affects Reproduction in Pine Engravers (Coleoptera: Scolytidae) Breeding in Felled Lodgepole Pine Trees " T.D. Hindmarch, Mary L. Reid, Environ. Entomol. 30(5): 919-924 (2001)