Show simple item record

dc.contributor.authorKonkoly-Thege, Barna
dc.contributor.authorWoodin, Erica M
dc.contributor.authorHodgins, David C
dc.contributor.authorWilliams, Robert J
dc.date.accessioned2015-03-18T16:20:59Z
dc.date.available2015-03-18T16:20:59Z
dc.date.issued2015-01-22
dc.identifier.citationThege, B., Woodin, E. M., Hodgins, D. C., & Williams, R. J. (2015). Natural course of behavioral addictions: a 5-year longitudinal study. BMC Psychiatry, 15(1), 4. http://doi.org/10.1186/s12888-015-0383-3en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1880/50368
dc.descriptionArticle deposited according to BioMed Central license agreement http://www.biomedcentral.com/authors/license March 18, 2015.en_US
dc.description.abstractBackground Resolving the theoretical controversy on the labeling of an increasing number of excessive behaviors as behavioral addictions may also be facilitated by more empirical data on these behavioral problems. For instance, an essential issue to the classification of psychiatric disorders is information on their natural course. However, longitudinal research on the chronic vs. episodic nature of behavioral addictions is scarce. The aim of the present study, therefore, was to provide data on prevalence, substance use comorbidity, and five-year trajectories of six excessive behaviors—namely exercising, sexual behavior, shopping, online chatting, video gaming, and eating. Methods Analyses were based on the data of the Quinte Longitudinal Study, where a cohort of 4,121 adults from Ontario, Canada was followed for 5 years (2006 to 2011). The response rate was 21.3%, while retention rate was 93.9%. To assess the occurrence of each problem behavior, a single self-diagnostic question asked people whether their over-involvement in the behavior had caused significant problems for them in the past 12 months. To assess the severity of each problem behavior reported, the Behavioral Addiction Measure was administered. A mixed design ANOVA was used to investigate symptom trajectories over time for each problem behavior and whether these symptom trajectories varied as a function of sex. Results The large majority of people reported having problematic over-involvement for just one of these behaviors and just in a single time period. A main effect of time was found for each problem behavior, indicating a moderately strong decrease in symptom severity across time. The time x sex interaction was insignificant in each model indicating that the decreasing trend is similar for males and females. The data also showed that help seeking was very low in the case of excessive sexual behavior, shopping, online chatting, and video gaming but substantially more prevalent in the case of excessive eating and exercising. Conclusions The present results indicate that self-identified excessive exercising, sexual behavior, shopping, online chatting, video gaming, and/or eating tend to be fairly transient for most people. This aspect of the results is inconsistent with conceptualizations of addictions as progressive in nature, unless treated.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipFunding provided by the Open Access Authors Fund.en_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherBMC Psychiatryen_US
dc.subjectBehavioral addictionen_US
dc.subjectNatural courseen_US
dc.subjectSpontaneous recoveryen_US
dc.subjectPrevalenceen_US
dc.subjectProspective designen_US
dc.subjectSex differencesen_US
dc.subjectHelp-seekingen_US
dc.subjectSubstance abuse comorbidityen_US
dc.titleNatural course of behavioral addictions: a 5-year longitudinal studyen_US
dc.typejournal article
dc.publisher.corporateUniversity of Calgaryen_US
dc.publisher.facultyArtsen_US
dc.identifier.doihttp://dx.doi.org/10.11575/PRISM/10098
thesis.degree.disciplinePsychologyen_US


Files in this item

Thumbnail
Thumbnail

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record