Show simple item record

dc.contributor.authorKonkoly-Thege, Barna
dc.contributor.authorUrbán, Róbert
dc.contributor.authorKopp, Mária S
dc.date.accessioned2015-03-19T18:04:28Z
dc.date.available2015-03-19T18:04:28Z
dc.date.issued2013-02-22
dc.identifier.citationKonkolÿ Thege, B., Urbán, R., & Kopp, M. S. (2013). Four-year prospective evaluation of the relationship between meaning in life and smoking status. Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy, 8(1), 8. http://doi.org/10.1186/1747-597X-8-8en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://prism.ucalgary.ca/handle/1880/50375
dc.descriptionArticle deposited according to BioMed Central license agreement http://www.biomedcentral.com/authors/license March 19, 2015.en_US
dc.description.abstractBackground To date, all investigations on the relationship between smoking and perceived level of meaning in life have used cross-sectional designs. Therefore, the purpose of the present prospective study, conducted with a four-year time lag, was to test the predictive power of the life meaning construct concerning changes in smoking status. Methods The data of 4,294 respondents (40.3% male, Mage = 54.7 ± 16.5 yrs) from the Hungarian Epidemiological Panel Survey were analyzed using the Kruskal-Wallis and Mann–Whitney U-test and structural equation modeling (SEM) with a nominal outcome variable. Gender, age, and educational level were included in the study as covariates. Results On the bivariate level, results showed that both baseline and follow-up meaning in life scores were higher in stable non-smokers when compared to stable smokers. However, quitters and starters differed from stable non-smokers in their baseline but not in follow-up life meaning scores. The other relationships (stable smokers vs. quitters; stable smokers vs. starters, starters vs. quitters) were non-significant in both time points. According to the SEM-analysis, a higher sense of meaning in life measured at baseline and follow-up is associated with a lower likelihood (OR = 0.54, z = 2.80, p = 0.005; OR = 0.64, z = 2.88, p = 0.004, respectively) of being a stable smoker compared to being a stable non-smoker, confirming the expected relationship between smoking and decreased level of meaning in life. However, neither baseline nor follow-up life meaning scores predicted significantly quitting and uptake of smoking. Conclusions If future research from other cultures verifies the protective role of a higher level of meaning in life against smoking, then smoking prevention and cessation programs will also have to include such components that help individuals experience more meaning in their lives.en_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherBMC Substance abuse treatment, prevention, and policyen_US
dc.subjectChange in smoking statusen_US
dc.subjectMeaning in lifeen_US
dc.subjectProspective designen_US
dc.subjectStructural equation modelingen_US
dc.titleFour-year prospective evaluation of the relationship between meaning in life and smoking statusen_US
dc.typejournal article
dc.publisher.corporateUniversity of Calgaryen_US
dc.publisher.facultyArtsen_US
dc.publisher.departmentPsychologyen_US
dc.identifier.doihttp://dx.doi.org/10.11575/PRISM/10095
thesis.degree.disciplinePsychologyen_US


Files in this item

Thumbnail

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record