I begin with this point because I believe we sometimes operate under the myth that science as we know it began in the Renaissance. There is no doubt that some elements of what we call Western science emerged from the cultural practices of that period. But even the most stripped down definition of scientific activity leads to the conclusion that the scientific approach to understanding the universe is ancient.
Dobrovolsky, M. (1994). How do we science-or do we? Seven points.*. Calgary Working Papers in Linguistics, 16(Winter), 17-24.