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Title: Event structure and syntax: German*
Authors: Wilhelm, Andrea
Keywords: Linguistics;German language;Syntax;Grammar, Comparative and general--Verb;Morphology;Distinctive features (Linguistics);Grammar, Comparative and general--Aspect
Issue Date: Jan-1999
Publisher: University of Calgary
Citation: Wilhelm, A. (1999). Event structure and syntax: German*. Calgary Working Papers in Linguistics, 21(Winter), 44-65.
Abstract: This paper deals with the role of the lexicon versus the syntax in event structure by examining particle verb formation in German. There are two types of particles in German: Delimiting particles, which derive accomplishments or activities from activity base verbs, and nondelimiting ones, which leave the aspectual class of the base verb (activity) unchanged. A theory such as Ritter & Rosen (1998, to appear), which explicitly represents event structure in the syntax (e.g., through an FF-delimitation) is not able to account for the German facts, as it cannot explain the uniform morphosyntactic behavior of all particles. An analysis which combines syntactic structure (VP-shells, following Hale & Keyser (1994), Chomsky (1995)) and lexical features is adapted. It treats particles as heads of an empty PP in the lower VP. Delimiting particles are distinguished from nondelimiting ones through a lexical feature [+delim]. This analysis is also successful in providing homogeneous case-marking for all internal arguments. It questions Ritter & Rosen's purely syntactic analysis of event structure, where delimitation is assumed to be a grammatical primitive.
ISSN: 2371-2643
Appears in Collections:Volume 21, Winter 1999

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