The following report looks at the Government of Canada’s policies regarding
competition in the Canadian wireless telecommunications sector, and the transition of the
Government of Canada’s approach in telecommunications from regulation to increased
competition. Specifically, this report looks at the impact of Wind Mobile and the other new
wireless entrants on Canadian wireless telecommunications since their entry into the market
following the 2008 wireless auction for advanced wireless services.
The report also looks at the historical approach to telecommunications regulation in
Canada, and finds that the development of Canada’s national telecommunications network was
accomplished in a highly regulated environment that saw the emergence of a series of
provincial monopolies and the dominance of a single national long distance exchange carrier.
This regime persisted until the Alberta Government Telephones v. Canadian Radio-Television
and Telecommunications Commission and CNCP Telecommunications ruling by the Supreme
Court of Canada and the passing of the 1993 Telecommunications Act, which would become
Canada’s first amalgamated, national, legislation regulating the Canadian telecommunications
industry. The Act established the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications
Commission as the primary regulator in Canadian telecoms, and also allowed for a greater
degree of competition in the Canadian telecommunications market.