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Title: Assessment of a Financial Transaction Tax in the Canadian Context
Authors: Taylor, Tasha
Issue Date: Sep-2014
Citation: Taylor, Tasha. (2014). Assessment of a Financial Transaction Tax in the Canadian Context ( Unpublished master's thesis). University of Calgary, Calgary, AB.
Abstract: This paper assesses the potential implementation of a federally levied Financial Transaction Tax (FTT) in the Canadian context. First, examples of how financial transaction taxes have worked historically, as well as how they may work in a future Canadian context are discussed. This is followed by a brief overview of the tax's history. The tax is then evaluated on a theoretical level. Hypothetically the tax should correct for market failure caused by excessive speculation and price volatility. It is shown using various models that the tax may correct for volatility- however, empirical evidence does not offer the same conclusion. Some empirical studies actually show an increase in volatility. Optimal taxation theory finds that the optimal tax rate depends on a number of factors. The most important of which is the composition of trader types. The tax may result in significant economic distortions. These distortions could include; intertemporal distortion, locking-in effect, inter-asset effect, and industry distortion. The tax may also negatively affect household savings, resulting in decreased aggregate consumption and consequently a reduction in GDP. Revenue projections are favorable, but vary depending on a number of factors, elasticity of market volume to transaction costs being amongst the most important. International examples of countries having levied a FTT are given and the data for revenue generated as a percentage of GDP allows for the hypothesis that revenue estimates may be considerably overvalued.
Appears in Collections:Master of Public Policy Capstone Projects

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