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Title: Revisiting the 2003 BSE Crisis: An Analysis of Current BSE Policy in Canada
Authors: Stadnicki, Brady
Issue Date: Aug-2015
Citation: Stadnicki, Brady. (2015). Revisiting the 2003 BSE Crisis: An Analysis of Current BSE Policy in Canada ( Unpublished master's thesis). University of Calgary, Calgary, AB.
Abstract: The Canadian BSE crisis in 2003 had a devastating impact on the country’s cattle industry. The Canadian cattle industry relies heavily on exports and the loss of market access caused significant financial losses for Canadian cattle producers and agricultural businesses. In order to restore Canada’s presence in global cattle and beef markets, the government and industry collaborated to develop policy initiatives designed to eliminate BSE from Canadian cattle and assist the producers who incurred financial losses. Immediately after the BSE crisis, academics in agriculture, economics and international policy contributed an extensive amount of literature on the incident’s initial impact, but did not follow up on its long-­‐term developments. After being disease free from 2012-­‐2014, the Canadian Food Inspection Agency confirmed the country’s most recent case of BSE this past February. Furthermore, the cow was born developed in a cow born after its Enhanced Feed Ban policy, which was believed to be a safeguard against future disease development. Recognizing the need for more current analysis, this paper examines how effective Canada’s BSE policies have been in terms of disease eradication, industry development and producer risk management. The paper uses metrics such as BSE testing data, changes in market access and government agriculture policy frameworks to judge the effectiveness of Canada’s BSE policies. Although many of Canada’s BSE policies are only recently established, they have generally performed well. Even though it hasn’t completely eradicated BSE, the Enhanced Feed Ban is creating a trend of lower disease prevalence and BSE Surveillance programs are identifying positive cases before entering the food chain. Livestock price insurance programs are providing most producers with better risk coverage and the cattle industry is able to secure increased market access for its product. Government and the cattle industry still need to create stronger communication and management strategies around BSE. This paper recommends the government to adopt a BSE Roadmap policy and the nationalization of price insurance. Additionally, the cattle industry should continue its Verified Beef Production initiative to enhance operational safeguards and the social license for beef. Overall, Canada has rebounded strongly from the 2003 BSE crisis but must commit to a long term BSE policy approach in order to achieve sustainability over the disease.
Appears in Collections:Master of Public Policy Capstone Projects

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