Browsing by Author "Achari, Gopal"
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- ItemOpen AccessA contribution to risk-based inspection and maintenance planning for deteriorating pipelines and pressure vessels(2017) Haladuick, Shane; Dann, Markus R; Maes, Marc; Achari, Gopal; Egberts, Philip; Huang, QindanEngineering systems are subject to deterioration processes, such as corrosion and fatigue, which reduce the resistance to failure. If failure occurs, it can have large social, economic, and environmental consequences. To mitigate this risk, regular inspections and maintenance are performed. To minimize the overall cost of operating the system, it is important to optimize the inspection and maintenance plan. Lifecycle risk-based inspection and maintenance planning, which involves determining the expected total cost of operating a system over its lifecycle, is the most established method of determining the optimal inspection and maintenance plan. However, lifecycle risk-based inspection and maintenance planning for complex engineering systems with many components requires a detailed analysis that can be computationally demanding; therefore, simplifications and assumptions are commonly used in the literature. The objective of this dissertation is to expand the state of knowledge in risk-based inspection and maintenance planning for pipelines and pressure vessels, removing many common assumptions and simplifications. Some aspects of the research specifically target pipelines or pressure vessels, while others are generic to any engineering system. Specifically regarding pressure vessels, a simple methodology is presented to determine the optimal maintenance time for a pressure vessel with an unexpectedly severe defect. This methodology is then expanded to account for the dependent failure events in pressure vessels with multiple defects and failure modes. For pipelines, a risk-based maintenance methodology is developed to decide whether it is better to continuously repair defects in a pipeline or to replace entire pipeline sections. This methodology also examines the impact of an uncertain lifecycle on risk-based maintenance planning. For general engineering systems, the use of heuristic algorithms in improving the computational efficiency of solving risk-based inspection and maintenance optimization problems is examined. Finally, a methodology is developed to perform risk-based inspection planning for the next inspection type, without requiring a lifecycle analysis. This study aids system operators in determining the optimal inspection and maintenance plan. It also provides methodology to perform risk-based inspection and maintenance planning in a computationally efficient or simpler manner, to make the techniques more practically applicable.
- ItemOpen AccessA Decision Support System for Risk Management of Contaminated Sites(2011) Kluck, Cheryl Lee; Achari, Gopal
- ItemOpen AccessA gas generation, migration and extraction model for landfills(2012) Wang, Chien-Kai Kenneth; Achari, GopalA numerical model is developed to simulate the generation, movement, extraction, and surface emission of landfill gas as well as possible air intrusion in a sanitary landfill equipped with an active or a passive gas collection system. The model was validated using results and data published in literature and has been used to study how the efficiency of a gas collection system may be impacted by a number of factors including vacuum pressure, well screen length, intermediate and final covers' thickness and permeability, number of gas collection wells and direction of well placement. The results suggest that a higher gas collection rate can be achieved by using a vertically placed well with a stronger vacuum pressure, a longer well screen, and a thicker and less permeable final cover, while undesirable air intrusion may be minimized by installing a larger number of wells.
- ItemOpen AccessAdvanced Oxidative Processes for Treatment of Emerging Contaminants in Water(2016) Mehrabani-Zeinabad, Mitra; Achari, Gopal; Langford, Cooper; Bergerson, Joule; Tay, Joo-Hwa Andrew; Ponnurangam, Sathish; Surampalli, RaoIn this research, degradation of emerging contaminants in municipal and industrial wastewater was studied by using a variety of advanced oxidation processes. Bisphenol A (BPA) and bisphenol S (BPS) were selected as candidate emerging contaminants in municipal wastewater and sulfolane as a candidate for industrial wastewater. Degradation kinetics of different oxidation processes in spiked water and contaminated wastewater/groundwater were investigated in batch as well as in a flow-through photo-reactor. Degradation of BPA and BPS in spiked water and post-secondary treated wastewater was studied using UVC, UVC/H2O2, O3 and UVA/O3 in a batch photo-reactor. The effective parameters of each process were identified and their impacts on degradation rates were further investigated. Based on the results obtained, the fate of BPA and BPS in municipal wastewater as they move through the UV disinfection unit of a local wastewater treatment plant in Calgary, Canada, was evaluated. It was found that only 1% of BPA and 6% of BPS were degraded in the disinfection unit. However, should 0.042 M H2O2 be added to the wastewater stream entering the disinfection unit, 56% of BPA and 47% of BPS can be degraded. By implementation of O3 and UVA/O3 processes, degradation levels could exceed 95%. Several oxidative methods were used to degrade sulfolane in spiked water and contaminated groundwater in a batch photo-reactor. These include UVA and UVC irradiation with suitable photoactive oxidants, including O3, H2O2, TiO2-based photocatalysis and their combinations. A synergistic effect was observed in the combination of H2O2 and O3 photolysis. The highest rate of sulfolane loss was attributed to UVC/O3/H2O2, UVC/H2O2 and UVC/O3 processes. Finally, the science established in the batch experiments for degradation of the candidate emerging contaminants in municipal and industrial wastewater was further developed into a technology for treating BPS and sulfolane in a flow-through photo-reactor with recirculation. It was found that the most effective process in terms of overall mineralization of BPS and sulfolane in post-secondary treated wastewater and contaminated groundwater, respectively, is the UVC/O3/H2O2 process. The effective parameters were identified and optimized for each of the emerging contaminants.
- ItemOpen AccessAerobic Granular Sludge for Treatment of Naphthenic Acids in Semi-Continuous and Batch Modes(2019-01-03) Tiwari, Shubham Sudhindra; Tay, Joo Hwa; Zhou, Qi; Achari, GopalWastewater from the Canadian mining oil sands industry is currently stored in tailings ponds, due to the difficulty in treatment of toxic recalcitrant compounds called naphthenic acids (NAs). The current project aimed at NA treatment using aerobic granular sludge (AGS) in two separate experiments. The first experiment was a proof-of-concept study aimed at assessing the shock response and treatability of commercial NAs over 21 days. It was conducted in three phases, i.e. introduction, starvation and monitoring. Each phase had chemical oxygen demand (COD) removal efficiencies of 54.8%, 23.9% and 96.1%, and NA removal efficiencies of 71.8%, 43.3% and 67.0%, respectively. Specific COD removal rates ranged between 2678 - 6864 g COD/m3/d, whereas specific NA removal rates ranged between 0.5-12.2 g NA/m3/d. These high rates were attributed to higher AGS biomass requiring higher COD consumption, and larger AGS surface area facilitating biodegradation and biosorption. The second experiment subjected mature AGS to three model NA concentrations (10, 50 and 100 mg/L), at three varying supplemental carbon source concentrations (600, 1200 and 2500 mg/L) in batch reactors. Cyclohexane carboxylic acid (CHCA), cyclohexane acetic acid (CHAA) and 1-adamantane carboxylic acid (ACA) were chosen to study structure-based degradation kinetics. The optimal COD was found to be 1200 mg/L. CHCA was removed completely with biodegradation rate constants increasing with lower NA concentrations and lower COD concentrations. CHAA was also removed completely, however, an optimal rate constant of 1.9 d-1 was achieved at NA and COD concentrations of 50 mg/L and 1200 mg/L, respectively. ACA removal trends did not follow statistically significant regressions; however, degradation and biosorption helped remove ACA up to 19.9%. Pseudomonas, Acinetobacter, Hyphomonas and Brevundimonas spp. increased over time, indicating increased AGS adaptability to NAs.
- ItemOpen AccessAn Evaluation of Different Risk Ranking Systems for Contaminated Sites(2014-01-27) Sha, Huimei; Achari, Gopal; Langford, CooperRisk ranking systems for contaminated sites have been developed by different jurisdictions with similar purpose, but it is not clear whether they provide results that are comparable. The United States’ Preliminary Assessment (PA) system, Sweden’s Methods for Inventories of Contaminated Sites (MICS) and New Zealand’s Risk Screening System (RSS) methods are assessed in this thesis. These methods were compared with each other and with the Canada’s National Classification System for Contaminated Sites (NCSCS) as well as a preliminary quantitative risk assessment (PQRA) method. The objectives were to determine if all these systems can yield similar recommendations regarding further actions, and to assess if there are acceptable correlations between the different methods. The study concludes that the PA, MICS and NCSCS methods can achieve similar conclusions, although there is a certain degree of inconsistency that is present; the RSS system can distinguish the very high and very low risk sites and; acceptable correlations exists among the these methods except for between PA and PQRA.
- ItemOpen AccessAn Evaluation of the 2008 National Classification System for Contaminated Sites(2010) Thiessen, Ronald James; Achari, Gopal
- ItemOpen AccessAn investigation of a photochemical approach for the remediation of PCB-contaminated soils(2005) Dhol, Arvinder S.; Achari, Gopal
- ItemOpen AccessAn investigation on a photochemical remediation of polychlorinated biphenyls in transformer oil(2012) Kong, Jiansong; Achari, Gopal; Langford, Cooper H.The focus of this research is to develop photo based remediation methods for polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in transformer oil (TO), and to investigate the extraction of PCBs from TO. If the PCBs are successfully extracted, the cleaned oil can be recycled and PCBs in the extractant can be photochemically degraded. The study on direct dechlorination of PCB138 in TO using 254nm ultraviolet (UV) light, indicated >99% dechlorination within 1 h. Photosensitized dechlorination of PCB 13 8 in TO using visible light in the presence of methylene blue (photosensitizer) and triethylamine (sacrificial electron donor), indicated 94% reduction within 30 min. The second part of this thesis deals with liquid-liquid extraction, used to separate PCBs from TO. Three extraction solvents were used: dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO), sulfolane and acetonitrile. The results show that DMSO was the preferred solvent for extraction of PCBs from TO. After extraction, PCBs in DMSO could be complete dechlorinated within 3 min using visible light in presence of methylene blue (MB) as a photosensitizer, sodium borohydride as a reducing agent and under dearation condition. After dechlorination process, the cleaned DMSO can be recycled or reused.
- ItemOpen AccessAnalysis of Oil and Gas Projects-With Focus on SAGD Projects(2016) Kumar, Jatinder; Jergeas, George; Sadeghpour, Farnaz; Al-Hussein, Mohamed; Achari, Gopal; Ruwanpura, Janaka; Balakrishnan, JaydeepAlberta projects have experienced cost growth, schedule growth and low productivity, necessitating a need to measure and compare project performance and productivity of oil and gas projects. There is limited research on the project performance of Steam Assisted Gravity Drainage (SAGD) projects. The primary purpose of this research was to quantitatively assess the project performance of oil and gas projects in Alberta with special focus on SAGD projects. The quantitative assessments included the project performance and productivity analysis for location of projects (Alberta and U.S. projects), different time periods (Phase 1: 2006-2009 vs. Phase 2: 2010-2014), and different types of projects (pipeline and SAGD projects), and examination of the relationship between project execution strategies and project performance. SAGD projects were analyzed separately, and industry experts were interviewed to understand industry perspective on cost and schedule performance, risks and lessons learned on SAGD projects. During the research, 73 oil and gas projects from Alberta were analyzed. Data were collected using the Construction Owners Association of Alberta (COAA)-PAS. Statistical tools were used to analyze project performance and to assess the impact of project execution strategies on project performance. Different trends have been observed between Phase 1: 2006-2009 and Phase 2: 2010-2014. The comparison of project performance and productivity directed industry to where efforts could be made for continuous improvement. Data from 18 SAGD projects were analyzed to develop characteristics of SAGD projects. The project performance, which includes growth factors, phase duration factors, phase cost factors, equipment ratios, and engineering and construction productivity metrics that could have practical applications for estimating and project performance benchmarking is listed in tabular form. Interviews from industry experts provided definition of capacity, 52 new metrics, and a list of major risks and lessons learned during the SAGD project execution. This research improved the industry understanding of challenges and risks faced on SAGD projects. This research also observed the trends and comparison of project performance, engineering and construction productivity, which identified the areas for continuous improvement. This also concludes that there is room for further improvement in project and productivity performance for oil and gas projects in Alberta.
- ItemOpen AccessApplication of the Waxman Smits model for estimating groundwater quality from in-situ measurements of electrical conductivity(2003) Leszkowicz, John Kasimir; Achari, Gopal; Bentley, Laurence R.
- ItemOpen AccessAtrazine: its occurrance and photochemical treatment in water(2011) Lazorko-Connon, Suzanne; Achari, Gopal; Langford, Cooper H.
- ItemOpen AccessBiological and Advanced Oxidation Processes for the Treatment of Sulfolane Contaminated Waters(2020-01-07) Khan, Muhammad Faizan; Achari, Gopal; Black, Kerry E.; Kimura, Susana Y.; Gieg, Lisa Marie; Khan, Faisal MasoodSulfolane contamination has increasingly become a major environmental concern around the world. This research builds on past research on sulfolane degradation using a variety of different advanced treatment technologies. Initially, the performance of an integrated technology combining biological activated sludge with advanced oxidation process (AOP) (UVC/H2O2) in sequence was evaluated in a batch reactor resulting in >81% sulfolane degradation in less than 24 h. Evaluation of the impact of biological process on AOP showed sulfolane concentration beyond 30 mg/L and presence of TSS >44 mg/L can negatively impact the UVC/H2O2 efficiency for sulfolane degradation. The application of UVC/H2O2 after biological treatment was an advantage as UVC/H2O2 could perform dual roles of oxidation and disinfection. As aerobic granulation is perceived to be more advanced than activated sludge process, two approaches of forming sulfolane degrading aerobic granules (SDAG) were investigated. The adaptation of pre-grown granules to sulfolane environment required a longer period to form SDAG compared to coaggregation of pre-grown granules with bacterial culture native to sulfolane contaminated site. Scanning electron microscopic images revealed dominant filamentous bacteria on the surface of granules. The stability and settleability of SDAG were also investigated under different environmental conditions. Subsequently, a novel integration of aerobic granulation with UV/H2O2 process in a continuous flow-through operation sequence showed elimination of more than 99.99% of sulfolane in less than 6.3 h of combined retention time. The degradation kinetics of sulfolane were also evaluated and the flow-through system showed generation and maintenance of a healthy aerobic granular system. Additionally, various key factors were also identified that govern residual H2O2 concentration in UV/H2O2 effluents. Finally, a pilot-scale field investigation was conducted using a pressurized ozone treatment system to degrade sulfolane in contaminated groundwaters. A series of batch and continuous flow systems were studied to determine the degradation kinetics and evaluate augmentation of oxidation process with the addition of secondary chemicals with ozone. Groundwater matrix played a crucial role in the efficacy of ozone treatment and intermittently sparged ozone injection was evaluated as a viable option for ozone field applications. Nevertheless, bromate concentrations higher than drinking water guidelines were detected in treated groundwater after ozone treatment and this will need further research.
- ItemOpen AccessBiological nutrients eradication employing Aerobic Granulation(2018-07-13) Not available, Anrish; Tay, Joo Hwa (Andrew); Chu, Angus; Achari, GopalNutrients (nitrogen and phosphorus), since mid-20th century, have been a rising matter of concern- impacting the quality of natural water bodies and stressing the wastewater treatment facilities. The increased availability of nitrogen and phosphorus are known to cause the excessive aging of lakes, eutrophication, thus depriving these bodies of oxygen, leading to various ecological, human health and socio-economic impacts. The phosphorus discharged from untreated or under treated municipal wastewater considerably adds to eutrophication. Although the conventional processes for wastewater treatment are able to remove the organics yet contains residual nutrients in the effluent. These residual amounts exceed the desired effluent limitations, which are getting stringent. The following research provides an insight of an emerging biotechnology: Aerobic Granulation, for its suitability to remove phosphorus (growth limiting nutrient) and nitrogen existing in domestic wastewater. The research focuses on investigation of different mechanisms supporting domestic level phosphorus removal in aerobic granular system. Granulation is a novel biotechnology based on self-immobilization of diverse microbes into a packed and dense structure giving it a unique ability to retain higher biomass, exceptional settleability, and resistance to toxicity and fluctuating organic loadings. In comparison to the conventional treatment processes, granulation technology also offers smaller footprint and low operational cost. A characteristic property of the granules is that these can be tailored as per the treatment requirements. The stratified structure of the granules due to mass transfer diffusion provides favorable conditions for phosphorus removal. The co-existence of aerobic zone and anaerobic zone in the granules, as documented in the literature, supports the simultaneous removal of nitrogen and phosphorus. The lab-scale bioreactor was setup in Hydraulics lab at University of Calgary from February 2016- August 2016. Synthetic wastewater was used for the experiments with variation in COD and phosphorus concentration in the reactor for evaluating the significance of the operational factors. The major phenomenon responsible for phosphorus removal at low C:P was biological assimilation. At a high C:P ratio, biological accumulation and biologically induced phosphorus precipitation were identified as the phosphorus removal phenomena. Microbiological analysis through Polymerase chain reaction of extracted 16r RNA genes indicated the presence of Rhodocyclaceae; phosphorus removing bacteria with a low temperature based biological phosphorus removal rate. Data analysis illustrated a significance of C:P on aerobic granular phosphorus removal process. The results reflect the suitability of aerobic granulation for municipal level phosphorus removal provided optimum operational conditions are maintained. A scale up version of this technology could be used for deeper insight into real domestic wastewater for advanced wastewater treatment processes.
- ItemEmbargoCharacterization and Treatment of Oil Sands Blowdown Water(2016) Martez, Vitselle; Achari, Gopal; Langford, Cooper; Nowicki, Edwin; Priest, Jeffrey; Gay De Montella, Rafael; Singhal, AshokThe high concentrations of organic and inorganic impurities from the blowdown water of the Steam Assisted Gravity Drainage (SAGD) process in the oilsands operations cause significant operational and environmental issues. In this study the actual SAGD boiler and evaporator blowdown was investigated and found to contain complex mixtures of TSS, TOC and TDS. Further investigations were focused on SAGD boiler blowdown (BBD) water and included the screening of seven advanced oxidation processes (AOPs) which resulted in the selection of three O3/UV, H2O2/UV and O3/H2O2/UV AOP’s for testing TOC degradation in each sequence of the HCl-acidified, CaO-alkalized, CO2-neutralized and original BBD waters. O3/H2O2/UV irradiation showed effective degradation in the neutralized, alkalized, acidified and original BBD at 70%, 68.3%, 55.6% and 9.4% TOC removal. An unique, semi-batch treatment system was designed, integrated and evaluated using HCl-acidified, CaO-alkalized, CO2-neutralized BBD water in three stages; (1) Stage A; precipitation and centrifugation for TSS and TOC removal, (2) Stage B; O3/H2O2/UV for TOC degradation, and (3) Stage C; reverse osmosis filtration for the TDS and residual TOC removal. Stage A results showed that the HCl-acidified BBD at pH 4.2 achieved the highest TOC removal by 44.7% and TSS by 98.5% likely because the net reduction in the molecular electrical repulsion and neutralization of acid groups led to their aggregation and removal. Stage B results showed that the O3/H2O2/UV achieved the highest TOC removal of 68.0% in the CO2-neutralized BBD likely because interferences of the competing inorganic carbonate and bicarbonate species that scavenge hydroxyl radicals were minimized. Stage C results showed that reverse osmosis filtration purified all samples, but achieved the highest removal of 99.7% residual TOC and 98.8% TDS in the HCl-acidified BBD and the highest permeate recovery at 40.5% in the alkalized and neutralized BBD. Since there is a lack of published information on SAGD blowdown the result of this study is significant and a precursor to advancing future research solutions.
- ItemOpen AccessCo-digestion of agricultural, municipal and agro-industrial wastes in rural communities(2007) McDonald, Tanya; Achari, Gopal; Abiola, Abimbolan rural communities, such as Olds, Alberta, energy may be produced though anaerobic codigestion of municipal, agricultural and agro-industrial wastes. An inventory within a 40km radius of Olds revealed that almost 600,000 tonnes of waste are generated annually (98.4% manure) with an electrical potential of 83 GWh. Analysis of beef, hog, dairy and poultry manure, offal, food, grass and biosolids identified the potential for waste blending to optimize solids content and nutrient balance. In laborat01y tests, biogas yield increased from 0.382 m3/kg volatile solid (VS) with beef manure to 0.513 m3/kg VS with co-digestion of 30% hog manure, and 0.500 m3/kg VS with 30% offal. In pilot tests, methane content was increased from 58% to 63% through co-digestion of beef manure with beef manure. The increased yield observed in the laboratory tests was not confirmed due to process inhibition and the limited capability for process control in the pilot digesters.
- ItemOpen AccessThe Community-Led Approach: A Holistic Methodology to Addressing Rural Drinking Water Advisories in Samson Cree Nation(2023-03-15) Lauret, Ayla; Black, Kerry; Sleep, Sylvia; Achari, GopalDrinking Water Advisories (DWAs) affect Indigenous Communities across Canada, with focus being given to specific problems impacting centralized systems. This thesis explores the largely undocumented rural systems context and how wastewater systems must be considered in tandem. In partnership with Samson Cree Nation, through Indigenous Research Methodologies like Two-Eyed Seeing this thesis presents research that investigated the community’s approach to solving drinking water concerns. Using deductive thematic analysis, the qualitative data was used to evaluate the benefits and challenges of a community-led approach and to quantify the impact that DWAs have on Samson Cree Nation residents. Historical data and onsite inspection data was evaluated to define the extent of DWA’s, the condition of rural servicing infrastructure, and the impact of existing regulation and water governance practices. Findings indicated that the community-led approach allowed the Nation to advocate and articulate issues specific to the Nation and develop solutions that reflected the community’s unique needs. Quantitative data showed that 15% of homes were under a Boil Water Advisory and up to 50% of homes under Do Not Consume orders. A majority of rural water and septic systems were beyond their expected life and 70% of septic systems had failed and been converted to a ‘shoot-out’ septic waste system, within close proximity to a house and/or well. Considering the prevalence of DWAs, the issue extends beyond merely physical condition. The existing regulations and funding policies are outdated and counter to long-term solutions. Within Samson Cree Nation, the lack of clear regulation and quality control has created uncertainties and inconsistencies. Specifically, in the lack of monitoring and regulation surrounding construction. Minimal operation and maintenance have resulted in failing infrastructure and general distrust across the Nation both in individual systems and the Nations capacity to address concerns. Other issues identified by interviewees included the Nations’ lack of capacity and awareness about rural water issues. Overall, the success of the Nation-led approach highlights the importance of Indigenous-led partnership and collaboration. However, to obtain long-term solutions for DWAs, the regulations and policies that govern must be adapted to minimize the prevalence of short-term band-aid solutions.
- ItemOpen AccessConsumer GNSS Receiver Performance for Position and Trajectory Length Estimation(2016) Norman, Laura Jane; Lachapelle, Gérard; O'Keefe, Kyle; Achari, GopalThis research investigates the performance of handheld and wristwatch consumer grade GNSS receivers for absolute position determination, trajectory length estimation and cumulated height ascent and descent under ideal line of sight conditions and non-line of sight flat and mountainous environments. Experiments were also performed to demonstrate the capability of carrier phase positioning for the same purpose in line of sight conditions. Many receivers were tested to analyze how they react to various scenarios and what challenges and limitations arise in the process. These scenarios consisted of straight flat line of sight trajectories underneath forestry canopy on a rigorous back and forth straight trajectory segment and hiking trails in mountainous and partly forested areas.
- ItemOpen AccessDeveloping an eco-industrial park in the Lloydminster area(2001) Majumdar, Sumita; Achari, Gopal
- ItemOpen AccessDevelopment and Application of Water Quality Classification Models(2013-09-09) Akbar, Tahir Ali; Achari, Gopal; Hassan, Quazi K.Though surface water quality is a dynamic quantity; factors, such as increase in population, changes in climate, and anthropogenic activities impose more variability in recent times. The main objectives of this thesis were to: (i) develop models for classification of raw surface water quality, (ii) analyze the spatial patterns and temporal trends of surface water quality, (iii) obtain exceedances of parameters in each class; and (iv) develop remote sensing based models for Canadian Water Quality Index (CWQI) and turbidity. A methodology was developed using principal component analysis (PCA) and clustering techniques on the basis of 19 water quality parameters for 18 lakes of Alberta. Three principal components (PCs) were indicators of hardness, salinity and biological activities for lakes. The surface water quality showed deterioration as the cluster number increased from 1 to 5. The most deteriorated quality of water was found in Cardinal Lake, Moonshine Lake, Winagami Lake, Miquelon Lake and Saskatoon Lake. A total exceedance model was developed for clusterization of surface water quality for 12 major rivers of Alberta. The PCs were the indicators of watershed geology, mineralization and anthropogenic activities related to land use/cover for rivers. The clusters showed a strong relationship with CWQI classes. Snow melting deteriorated the surface water quality of rivers due to anthropogenic activities from different land uses/covers. There was increasing trend for the mean exceedance of the parameters as the cluster number increased from low to high. Empirical models were developed for Canadian Water Quality Index and turbidity using 31 scenes of Landsat-5 TM satellite data for the Bow River. The significant models were 14 for CWQI and 12 for turbidity. 100% matching was found for 72% and 83% of data in best-fit models for CWQI and turbidity respectively. The variation in the Bow River water quality was due to climatic changes and irrigation.