Browsing by Author "Stahnisch, Frank W."
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- ItemOpen AccessA History of the Social Determinants of Health in Canada through the Lens of the Canadian Public Health Association, 1910-2010: Implications for Present and Future Population Health in Canada(2017) Lucyk, Kelsey; McLaren, Lindsay; Stahnisch, Frank W.The 2008 final report of the WHO’s Commission on Social Determinants of Health (SDOH) marked a watershed in the history of the SDOH for bringing together decades of evidence and theory on the social causes of illness from the diverse health research landscape. Yet, a rich history predates this and other contributions (e.g., 1974 Lalonde Report) that are widely credited as the start of the SDOH approach. This history is revealed through casting the contemporary interpretive lens of the SDOH onto the past. I gained a nuanced understanding of the emergence and evolution of the SDOH in Canada by analyzing the archives of the Canadian Public Health Association (CPHA) from 1910 to 2010. I applied a social history and critical public health perspective while exploring this data using methods of thematic content analysis. To situate my findings with relevance to the contemporary landscape of population and public health (PPH), I complemented my analysis of archival sources with that of published and grey SDOH literature, print news articles, and oral history interviews with PPH leaders. My findings show that as a way of thinking, the SDOH approach is complex and diffuse. This, coupled with the inherently political nature of the SDOH, presents challenges in terms of communicating key messages of the SDOH to decision-makers and the public. Additionally, the history of the SDOH is non-linear and changes alongside social, economic, and political events. Economic recession and growth, for example, at times brought more and less urgency to act on the SDOH within the Canadian PPH community. However, despite that ebb and flow, the foundations of health equity and social justice have remained firm throughout the history of the SDOH. These foundations, combined with the growth and increasing disciplinary coherence of PPH, suggest that action on the SDOH will remain a core commitment of PPH.
- ItemOpen Access,,Abwehr", ,,Widerstand" und, ,,kulturelle Neuorientierung" - Zu Re-Konfigurationen der Traumaforschung bei zwangsemigrierten deutschsprachigen Neurologen und Psychiatern(Vandenhoeck & Ruperecht, 2009) Stahnisch, Frank W.
- ItemOpen AccessAcute Stroke Decision-Making in Historical and Philosophical Context, 1960-2014(2014-07-18) Shamy, Michel Christopher Frank; Stahnisch, Frank W.This thesis applies approaches from the history and philosophy of science to explore the decision-making of contemporary physicians in a common clinical scenario: the treatment of patients with acute stroke. Acute stroke decision-making during the period 1960 to 2014 therefore serves as a case study to address broader questions about how doctors make decisions. I argue that acute stroke decision-making is dependent upon a historically-determined concept of the acute stroke, in that the contemporary meaning of the disease “acute stroke” was established in response to the efficacy of the drug tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) as its treatment. Moreover, I propose that treatment decisions about the use of tPA for acute stroke involve simultaneous and inter-related processes of epistemic and ethical evaluation. Acute stroke decision-making can therefore be conceived as a medical, epistemic and ethical process, occurring within a historical context. This interpretation of acute stroke decision-making argues for the necessary role of the humanities — and especially of the history and philosophy of science — in the study of modern medical practice.
- ItemOpen AccessAuswirkungen einer morphologiebasierten Begrifflichkeit am Beispiel Virchow’scher Vorstellungen zur Neuroglia(Palm & Enke, 2003) Stahnisch, Frank W.
- ItemOpen AccessClaude, Albert (* 1899 Longlier, Luxemburg, † 1983 Bruessel)(Springer, 2006) Stahnisch, Frank W.
- ItemOpen AccessCreating the Future of Health: The History of the Cumming School of Medicine at the University of Calgary, 1967-2012(University of Calgary Press, 2021-02) Lampard, Robert; Hogan, David B.; Stahnisch, Frank W.; Wright Jr., James R.The first fifty years of innovation in health education at the Cumming School of Medicine at the University of Calgary, drawing on interviews with key players and extensive research into primary documents. Creating the Future of Health is the fascinating story of the first fifty years of the Cumming School of Medicine at the University of Calgary. Founded on the recommendation of the Royal Commission on Health Services in 1964 the Cumming School has, from the very beginning, focused on innovation and excellence in health education. With a pioneering focus on novel, responsive and systems-based approaches, it was one of the first faculties to pilot multi-year training programs in family medicine and remains one of only two three-year medical schools in North America. Drawing on interviews with key players and extensive research into documents and primary material, Creating the Future of Health traces the history of the school through the leadership of its Deans. This is a story of perseverance through fiscal turbulence, sweeping changes to health care and health care education, and changing ideas of what health services are and what they should do. It is a story of triumph, of innovation, and of the tenacious spirit that thrives to this day at the Cumming School of Medicine.
- ItemOpen AccessDelbrueck, Max Ludwig Henning (* 1906 Berlin, † 1981 Pasadena, Kalifornien)(Springer, 2006) Stahnisch, Frank W.
- ItemOpen Access«Der Rosenthal’sche Versuch» oder: Über den Ort produktiver Forschung – Zur Exkursion des physiologischen Experimentallabors von Isidor Rosenthal (1836–1915) von der Stadt aufs Land(Max-Planck-Institut für Wissenschaftsgeschichte, Max Planck Institute for the History of Science, 2010) Stahnisch, Frank W.
- ItemOpen Access„Dieu et cerveau, rien que Dieu et cerveau!“ – Johann Gottfried vonHerder (1744-1803) und die Neurowissenschaften seiner Zeit(Institut für Geschichte der Medizin der Universität Würzburg, 2007) Stahnisch, Frank W.
- ItemOpen AccessDisharmonien der Taeuschung: Warum blieb Ludwik Flecks dynamische Erkenntnistheorie selbst so lange statisch?(Peter Lang, 2007) Stahnisch, Frank W.
- ItemOpen AccessThe emergence of Nervennahrung: Nerves, mind and metabolism in the long eighteenth century(Max-Planck-Institut für Wissenschaftsgeschichte, Max Planck Institute for the History of Science, 2011) Stahnisch, Frank W.
- ItemOpen AccessThe Essential Tension: On Ethical and Historical Conundrums in the Trajectories of Deep Brain Stimulation(Transaction Publishers, 2010) Stahnisch, Frank W.
- ItemOpen AccessEugenics in Comparative Perspective: Explaining Manitoba and Alberta’s Divergence on Eugenics Policy, 1910s to the 1930s(2019-01-22) Kurbegović, Erna; Stahnisch, Frank W.; Janoviček, Nancy; Stam, Henderikus J.; Colpitts, George; McCoy, Ted; Kelm, Mary-EllenThis dissertation compares eugenics in Alberta and Manitoba in order to explain their divergence on sexual sterilization policy. Alberta implemented a Sexual Sterilization Act in 1928, while Manitoba rejected similar legislation in 1933. This thesis shows that Manitobans actively engaged with national and international discussions and debates about eugenics despite a lack of an official eugenics program. Eugenics was hardly monolithic and by focusing attention only on provinces with formal eugenics programs, historians miss how eugenic ideas manifested themselves in provinces without sterilization legislation, for example in mental institutions, in educational programs, and in child welfare policies. Lack of legislation does not necessarily mean that there was a lack of enthusiasm for eugenic measures. This dissertation brings a comparative aspect to the history of eugenics in Canada and demonstrates the ways in which eugenic policy was influenced at various levels by an emerging professional class of psychiatrists, by grassroots organizations, by religious groups, and by the unique local conditions including demographic, cultural, and political factors. I argue that Manitoba and Alberta shared similar concerns about “race degeneration,” “defective” immigrants, and the economic costs of running institutions, but there were important subtle differences in the political contexts of the two provinces. These differences served to empower the opposition elements to sexual sterilization in Manitoba, while in Alberta it served to empower grassroots organizations that were adjacent to the government, and at the same time weaken any political critics. A comparative perspective is valuable in understanding the history of eugenics in Canada especially because of regional differences but more importantly because each province has its own historical, social, and political traditions that help illuminate their distinct approaches to eugenics. The importance of a comparative perspective to the history of eugenics in Manitoba and Alberta is that it gives us insight into the political and cultural debates that occurred during the interwar period in order to better understand the forces at play and discussions regarding eugenics.
- ItemOpen AccessExperimentalstrategien und Teleologie des Lebendigen in unterschiedlichen Kontexten – Physiologische Forschung bei Xavier Bichat (1771–1802) und François Magendie (1783–1855)(Koenigshausen & Neumann/Universität Würzburg Würzburger medizinhistorische Gesellschaft, 2011) Stahnisch, Frank W.