This thesis presents the study of atomic cloud density and temperature in a magneto-optical trap (MOT). The purpose is to find the method in obtaining the densest and coldest cloud the setup can produce. In steady state trap, the highest atomic density possible is that of a cloud in multiple scattering regime where a repulsive force between atoms sets a limit to the density. The number of atoms loaded into the trap is controlled by the trapping beam intensity which also changes the temperature. Therefore the trap density and temperature cannot be controlled separately. The cloud compression is studied as a method of increasing atomic density above what is possible in steady state trap without noticeable influence on the cloud temperature. Cloud compression is also found when the cloud is translated by changing the magnetic field zero-point although in a less predictable fashion than the compression.