The transition from acute-care hospitalization to community-based care is a vulnerable period in healthcare delivery due to potential for post-discharge adverse events. This vulnerability has been attributed to the miscommunication between acute and community-based physicians, as current systems do not control for legibility, completeness or timeliness of the discharge summary. One potential approach to bridging this communication gap is the use of electronic discharge communication tools, which can be designed to ensure the consistent and timely transfer of information. Given the limited healthcare budget, the costs and benefits of these tools should be considered prior to large scale implementation. Thus, the goal of this thesis is to establish the cost-effectiveness of electronic discharge communication tools. To achieve this, a systematic review of published literature was conducted (Chapter 2), a prospective economic evaluation of a novel electronic discharge communication tool was completed (Chapter 3), and policy options/considerations were presented (Chapter 4).