Show simple item record

dc.contributor.advisorCole, William
dc.contributor.authorZhong, Xi
dc.date.accessioned2013-04-29T15:32:05Z
dc.date.available2013-06-10T07:00:46Z
dc.date.issued2013-04-29
dc.date.submitted2013en
dc.identifier.citationZhong, X. (2013). Identification of Novel Mechanisms for Myogenic Control of Cerebral Arterial Diameter (Unpublished doctoral thesis). University of Calgary, Calgary, AB. doi:10.11575/PRISM/26421en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11023/637
dc.description.abstractMyogenic control of cerebral arterial diameter plays a fundamental role in the maintenance of normal vascular resistance and blood flow in the brain. Myogenic control of cerebral artery diameter is achieved by inherent pressure-dependent mechanisms of Ca2+-CaM-MLCK activation, ROK-mediated Ca2+ sensitization and cytoskeleton reorganization. The findings presented in this thesis identify novel elements in these molecular mechanisms, including: (1) Kv9.3 subunits that co-assemble with Kv2.1 subunits to form ScTx1-sensitive channels that regulate Em, (2) Kv7.4-containing channels that also regulate Em, and (3) a cytoskeleton protein, VASP, that is involved in a dynamic process of actin polymerization in response to pressure elevation. Both Kv2.1/9.3 channels and Kv7.4-containing channels of cerebral myocytes were shown to contribute to native Kv currents in myogenic control of cerebral arterial diameter. Regulation of VASP phosphorylation in the process of cytoskeleton reorganization was shown to participate in the pressure-dependent myogenic response and NO-mediated vasodilation of cerebral arteries. In summary, these findings provide novel understanding of the basic molecular mechanisms that contribute to the precise control of vascular smooth muscle contractility, and provide potentially important insights for identification of dysfunctional mechanisms leading to abnormal arterial regulation in pathological conditions, as well as the development of therapeutic strategies to treat arterial dysfunction.en_US
dc.language.isoeng
dc.rightsUniversity of Calgary graduate students retain copyright ownership and moral rights for their thesis. You may use this material in any way that is permitted by the Copyright Act or through licensing that has been assigned to the document. For uses that are not allowable under copyright legislation or licensing, you are required to seek permission.
dc.subjectPhysiology
dc.subject.classificationCerebral Arteryen_US
dc.subject.classificationMyogenic responseen_US
dc.subject.classificationNO-mediated Vasodilationen_US
dc.subject.classificationPotassium Channelen_US
dc.subject.classificationCytoskeleton Reorganizationen_US
dc.subject.classificationVASP Phosphorylationen_US
dc.titleIdentification of Novel Mechanisms for Myogenic Control of Cerebral Arterial Diameter
dc.typedoctoral thesis
dc.publisher.facultyGraduate Studies
dc.publisher.institutionUniversity of Calgaryen
dc.identifier.doihttp://dx.doi.org/10.11575/PRISM/26421
thesis.degree.nameDoctor of Philosophy
thesis.degree.namePhD
thesis.degree.disciplineCardiovascular & Respiratory Sciences
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Calgary
atmire.migration.oldid859
dc.publisher.placeCalgaryen


Files in this item

Thumbnail

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record