A Mixed Methods Approach to Identifying Barriers and Supports to Physical Activity in Adults Following Residential Relocation
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AbstractUsing a systematized review of qualitative studies and a quasi-longitudinal mixed methods analysis of primary data, this thesis explored the built environment’s influence on physical activity among adults. The systematized review provided insight into functional, aesthetic, destination, and safety characteristics’ that are associated with physical activity. Sociodemographic characteristics were also found to affect the built environment-physical activity relationship. In the mixed methods analysis, quantitative data suggested positive associations between self-reported changes in transportation walking and cycling and improvements in objectively measured neighbourhood walkability (Walk Score®) following residential relocation. Findings from the qualitative semi-structure interviews reinforced the quantitative findings and specifically highlighted the importance of having access to safe walking and cycling paths and nearby destinations that support active transportation. The interview data also suggested neighbourhood opportunities that allow adults to connect with community, family and the environment while being active supported enjoyable physical activity. Notably, some participants also reported using time spent on active transportation to compensate for changes in time spent in leisure physical activity. The thesis findings have the potential to inform urban planning and policy for improving physical activity and in turn health in adult populations.
CitationSalvo, G. (2018). A Mixed Methods Approach to Identifying Barriers and Supports to Physical Activity in Adults Following Residential Relocation (Unpublished master's thesis). University of Calgary, Calgary, AB. doi:10.11575/PRISM/5466
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