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dc.contributor.advisorTay, Joo Hwa
dc.contributor.authorTiwari, Shubham Sudhindra
dc.date2019-06
dc.date.accessioned2019-01-04T19:45:00Z
dc.date.available2019-01-04T19:45:00Z
dc.date.issued2019-01-03
dc.identifier.citationTiwari, S. S. (2019). Aerobic Granular Sludge for Treatment of Naphthenic Acids in Semi-Continuous and Batch Modes (Unpublished master's thesis). University of Calgary, Calgary, AB.en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1880/109415
dc.description.abstractWastewater from the Canadian mining oil sands industry is currently stored in tailings ponds, due to the difficulty in treatment of toxic recalcitrant compounds called naphthenic acids (NAs). The current project aimed at NA treatment using aerobic granular sludge (AGS) in two separate experiments. The first experiment was a proof-of-concept study aimed at assessing the shock response and treatability of commercial NAs over 21 days. It was conducted in three phases, i.e. introduction, starvation and monitoring. Each phase had chemical oxygen demand (COD) removal efficiencies of 54.8%, 23.9% and 96.1%, and NA removal efficiencies of 71.8%, 43.3% and 67.0%, respectively. Specific COD removal rates ranged between 2678 - 6864 g COD/m3/d, whereas specific NA removal rates ranged between 0.5-12.2 g NA/m3/d. These high rates were attributed to higher AGS biomass requiring higher COD consumption, and larger AGS surface area facilitating biodegradation and biosorption. The second experiment subjected mature AGS to three model NA concentrations (10, 50 and 100 mg/L), at three varying supplemental carbon source concentrations (600, 1200 and 2500 mg/L) in batch reactors. Cyclohexane carboxylic acid (CHCA), cyclohexane acetic acid (CHAA) and 1-adamantane carboxylic acid (ACA) were chosen to study structure-based degradation kinetics. The optimal COD was found to be 1200 mg/L. CHCA was removed completely with biodegradation rate constants increasing with lower NA concentrations and lower COD concentrations. CHAA was also removed completely, however, an optimal rate constant of 1.9 d-1 was achieved at NA and COD concentrations of 50 mg/L and 1200 mg/L, respectively. ACA removal trends did not follow statistically significant regressions; however, degradation and biosorption helped remove ACA up to 19.9%. Pseudomonas, Acinetobacter, Hyphomonas and Brevundimonas spp. increased over time, indicating increased AGS adaptability to NAs.en_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.rightsUniversity of Calgary graduate students retain copyright ownership and moral rights for their thesis. You may use this material in any way that is permitted by the Copyright Act or through licensing that has been assigned to the document. For uses that are not allowable under copyright legislation or licensing, you are required to seek permission.en_US
dc.subjectnaphthenic acidsen_US
dc.subjectaerobic granular sludgeen_US
dc.subjectoil sands process-affected wateren_US
dc.subjecttailings ponds wateren_US
dc.subjectcyclohexane carboxylic aciden_US
dc.subjectcyclohexane acetic aciden_US
dc.subject1-adamantane carboxylic aciden_US
dc.subject.classificationEngineeringen_US
dc.subject.classificationEngineering--Chemicalen_US
dc.subject.classificationEngineering--Environmentalen_US
dc.titleAerobic Granular Sludge for Treatment of Naphthenic Acids in Semi-Continuous and Batch Modesen_US
dc.typemaster thesisen_US
dc.publisher.facultySchulich School of Engineeringen_US
dc.publisher.institutionUniversity of Calgaryen
thesis.degree.nameMaster of Science (MSc)en_US
thesis.degree.disciplineEngineering – Civilen_US
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Calgaryen_US
dc.contributor.committeememberZhou, Qi
dc.contributor.committeememberAchari, Gopal


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