Germany's Gay Rights Movement and the Greek Ideal of Eros
Germany's Gay Rights Movement and the Greek Ideal of Eros (1.214Mb) Embargoed until: 2021-09-13
AuthorGarbutt, Mara Violet
Committee MemberBertolín Cebrián, Reyes
Gay and Lesbian Studies
History of Sexuality
19th Century History
20th Century History
MetadataShow full item record
AbstractDuring the 19th and early 20th centuries in Germany a gay rights movement began inspired by philosophy, artwork, and society of ancient Greece. Beginning with Johann Winckelmann’s homoerotic interpretation of ancient statuary in 1764, and flourishing with the writings of Karl Heinrich Ulrichs, Magnus Hirschfeld, and the contributors to the world’s first journal of homosexuality, Der Eigene, ancient Greek ideals on male same-sex relationships and notions of masculinity and effeminacy informed the discussion of what made a man homosexual, how he should act, and to what extent homosexuality should be accepted and encouraged in German society as a whole. Phaedrus’ discussion on Heavenly and Common Aphrodite in Plato’s Symposium became a way by which to defend homosexuality as a natural and acceptable form of sexuality, as well as to help create the entire concept of sexuality in the modern Western world.
CitationGarbutt, M. V. (2019). Germany's Gay Rights Movement and the Greek Ideal of Eros (Unpublished master's thesis). University of Calgary, Calgary, AB.
University of Calgary graduate students retain copyright ownership and moral rights for their thesis. You may use this material in any way that is permitted by the Copyright Act or through licensing that has been assigned to the document. For uses that are not allowable under copyright legislation or licensing, you are required to seek permission.
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