Sample preparation of plasma enables baseline separation of iron metalloproteins by SEC-GFAAS
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AbstractThe analysis of human plasma for biomarkers holds promise to revolutionize disease diagnosis, but is hampered by the inherent complexity of the plasma proteome. One way to overcome this problem is to analyze plasma for a sub-proteome, such as the metalloproteome. Previous studies employing size-exclusion chromatography (SEC) coupled on-line to an inductively coupled plasma-atomic emission spectrometer (ICP-AES) have revealed that plasma contains ~12 copper, iron and zinc metalloproteins. This included the iron metalloproteins transferrin (Tf) and a recently identified haptoglobin-hemoglobin (Hp-Hb) complex, which is formed in plasma when red blood cells rupture. Since this SEC-ICP-AES method required a sample volume of 500 µL to generate diagnostically useful results, we sought to develop an alternative SEC-based hyphenated approach using a smaller SEC column (150 x 5 mm I.D.) and a graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometer (GFAAS) as the iron-specific detector. A designed interface enabled the integration of the SEC system with the GFAAS. Baseline separation between the Hp-Hb complex and Tf was achieved by developing a sample preparation procedure which involved the chelating agent-based mobilization of Fe from Tf to a small molecular weight Fe complex. Spiking of human plasma (1.0 mL) with red blood cell lysate (1-2 µL) increased only the intensity of the Fe peak corresponding to the Hp-Hb complex, but not that of Tf. Since the developed SEC-GFAAS method requires only 50 µL for analysis, it can now be employed for the cost-effective quantification of the clinically relevant Hb-Hp complex in human plasma in <50 min.
GrantingagencyNatural Sciences and Engineering Research Council (NSERC)
CitationMiller, K., Sarpong-Kumankomah, S., Egorov, A., & Gailer, J. (2020). Sample preparation of blood plasma enables baseline separation of iron metalloproteins by SEC-GFAAS. Journal of Chromatography B, 1147, 122147.
InstitutionUniversity of Calgary
Lumex Instruments Canada
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