Show simple item record

dc.contributor.advisorViolato, Claudio
dc.contributor.authorMacMillan, Karen M.
dc.date.accessioned2005-08-16T17:11:16Z
dc.date.available2005-08-16T17:11:16Z
dc.date.issued2004
dc.identifier.citationMacMillan, K. M. (2004). Pathways to competence in childhood and adolescence: the role of parenting quality and social support (Unpublished doctoral thesis). University of Calgary, Calgary, AB. doi:10.11575/PRISM/12549en_US
dc.identifier.isbn0612934861en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1880/41760
dc.descriptionBibliography: p. 80-91en
dc.description.abstractA representative Canadian cohort from the National Longitudinal Study of Children and Youth was studied at three points in time when the young people were aged 10/11(.M=l0.47, N=2147), 12/13(M=12.42, N=1976), and 14/15(M=14.45, N=l 762). Both person-focussed analyses (independent t-tests and analyses of variance) and variable-based analyses (latent variable path models) were utilized to investigate the role of parenting quality and the young person's social support in contributing to their competence (emotional health and behavioural functioning) in relation to parent-related adversity over time. An index of parent-related adversity was created based upon six criteria: parental depression, marital dissatisfaction, parental illness, parent's undesirable unemployment, single parent status, and the presence of alcohol abuse in the family. Person-focussed results revealed that parent-related adversity at age 10/11 was related to both domains of child competence at that time. Parent reports of their own experiences of adversity at that time were also related to the children's view of their own externalizing behaviour two years later when the children were aged 12/13. However, by ages 14/15 there was no longer an observable relationship between adversity and competence. Analyses of variance were conducted on the data when the children were aged 10/11 with the dependent variable of child competence. Main effects were discovered for parenting quality (E.(1)=15.93, 12<.00l) and social support (E.(1)=6.50, 12<.05), but no interaction effects were revealed between either of these factors and adversity group. These findings supported the identification of parenting quality and social support as general resource variables for young people's competence, rather than protective variables in the face of parent-related adversity in this study. Variable-based analyses indicated that the proposed latent variable path model of resilience was not a particularly good fit with the data. However, a modified latent variable path model of competence with parenting quality and social support contributing to behavioural and emotional functioning was a strong fit for the data at ages 12/13 and became an even stronger fit at ages 14/15. Therefore, person-focussed and variable-based analyses in this study converged to highlight the value of parenting quality and social support for young people, regardless of their exposure to adversity.en
dc.format.extentx, 103 leaves : ill. ; 30 cm.en
dc.language.isoeng
dc.rightsUniversity of Calgary graduate students retain copyright ownership and moral rights for their thesis. You may use this material in any way that is permitted by the Copyright Act or through licensing that has been assigned to the document. For uses that are not allowable under copyright legislation or licensing, you are required to seek permission.
dc.titlePathways to competence in childhood and adolescence: the role of parenting quality and social support
dc.typedoctoral thesis
dc.publisher.institutionUniversity of Calgaryen
dc.identifier.doihttp://dx.doi.org/10.11575/PRISM/12549
thesis.degree.nameDoctor of Philosophy
thesis.degree.namePhD
thesis.degree.disciplineApplied Psychology
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Calgary
dc.identifier.lccAC1 .T484 2004 M3253en
dc.publisher.placeCalgaryen
ucalgary.thesis.notesUARCen
ucalgary.thesis.additionalcopy370 EDC 2004 MACen
ucalgary.thesis.uarcreleaseyen
ucalgary.item.requestcopytrue


Files in this item

Thumbnail
Embargoed until: 2200-01-01

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record