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Title: Risk Factors for Suicide Ideation and Attempts Among Pathological Gamblers
Authors: Hodgins, David C.
Mansley, Chrystal
Thygesen, Kylie
Keywords: Compulsive gamblers;Compulsive gambling
Issue Date: Jul-2006
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Citation: Hodgins, D. C., Mansley, C., & Thygesen, K. (2006). Risk factors for suicide ideation and attempts among pathological gamblers. American Journal on Addictions, 15(4), 303-310.
Abstract: Objective The link between pathological gambling and suicide is poorly understood. The current study has two major goals: 1) to provide descriptive information about suicide ideation and attempts among pathological gamblers trying to quit; and 2) to identify predictors of suicidal ideation and attempts, with a particular emphasis on mood and substance use disorders. Method A community sample of 101 individuals with gambling problems who had made a recent quit attempt was assessed using structured instruments. Results 28.7% of the sample reported no history of suicide ideation or attempts, 38.6% reported having only thoughts of suicide, and 32.7% reported a suicide attempt. Ideation predated the onset of gambling problems by an average of more than ten years. History of ideation was increasingly likely with a greater severity of gambling problem as determined by DSM criteria. Those experiencing ideation were also more likely to over gamble on gambling days and were also five times more likely to have a history of depression. Substance abuse history was the only factor that distinguished between individuals who had a history of suicide attempts versus ideation only. Having a drug history was related to more than six times greater likelihood of having made a suicide attempt. Gambling-related suicide attempts were relatively rare, 21.2 % of attempters or 7% of the total sample. Conclusion These findings are consistent with the common factor model of etiology in which the suicidality of gambling is related to prior mental health disorders. More research on the relationship between alcohol and other drug disorders and their complex relationship to pathological gambling and suicide is crucial.
ISSN: 1055-0496
Appears in Collections:Institute Funded Reports

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