|dc.description||Copyright to the above-listed unpublished and original article submitted by the above author(s), the abstract forming part thereof, and any
subsequent errata (collectively, the “Article”) is hereby transferred to the American Physical Society (APS) for the full term thereof throughout
the world, subject to the Author Rights (as hereinafter defined) and to acceptance of the Article for publication in a journal of APS. This transfer
of copyright includes all material to be published as part of the Article (in any medium), including but not limited to tables, figures, graphs,
movies, and other multimedia files. APS shall have the right to register copyright to the Article in its name as claimant, whether separately or as
part of the journal issue or other medium in which the Article is included.
The author(s), and in the case of a Work Made For Hire, as defined in the U.S. Copyright Act, 17 U.S.C. §101, the employer named below, shall
have the following rights (the “Author Rights”):
(1) All proprietary rights other than copyright, such as patent rights.
(2) The nonexclusive right, after publication by APS, to give permission to third parties to republish print versions of the Article
or a translation thereof, or excerpts therefrom, without obtaining permission from APS, provided the APS-prepared version is not
used for this purpose, the Article is not published in another journal, and the third party does not charge a fee. If the APS version
is used, or the third party republishes in a publication or product charging a fee for use, permission from APS must be obtained.
(3) The right to use all or part of the Article, including the APS-prepared version without revision or modification, on the author(s)’
web home page or employer’s website and to make copies of all or part of the Article for the author(s)’ and/or the employer’s use
for lecture or classroom purposes. If a fee is charged for any use, APS permission must be obtained.
(4) The right to post and update the Article on free-access e-print servers as long as files prepared and/or formatted by APS
or its vendors are not used for that purpose. Any such posting made or updated after acceptance of the Article for publication
shall include a link to the online abstract in the APS journal or to the entry page of the journal. If the author wishes the APSprepared
version to be used for an online posting other than on the author(s)’ or employer’s website, APS permission is required;
if permission is granted, APS will provide the Article as it was published in the journal, and use will be subject to APS terms and
(5) If the Article was prepared under a U.S. Government contract, the government shall have the rights under the copyright to the
extent required by the contract.
All copies of part or all of the Article made under any of the Author Rights shall include the appropriate bibliographic citation and notice of the