Developmental changes in the inner epidermis of the bean seed coat

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The inner epidermis of the bean seed coat shows remarkable structural changes during seed development. At the globular stage of development, a moderately electron-dense substance begins to accumulate in the outer tangential and radial walls of the cells. The staining and fluorescence characteristics, together with the localization ofperoxidase in the wall, suggest that this electron-dense material is a phenolic substance. At the same stage of embryo development, structural specialization can be detected in the cytoplasm of the epidermal cells with an increase in the abundance of organelles, especially the endoplasmic reticulum, mitochondria, and dictyosomes. These structural features are similar to those in the underlying branched parenchyma cells. As the seed rapidly expands during the maturation stage of embryo development, the epidermal cells and the inner layers of the branched parenchyma cells begin to degenerate. Small ruptures can be detected in the epidermis, exposing the branched parenchyma cells. These structural changes are discussed in relation to their possible functions during embryo development.
E. C. Yeung and M. J. Cavey "Developmental changes in the inner epidermis of the bean seed coat" Protoplasma (1990) 154:45-52