Evaluation of the LTD program on the psychological development in athletes

dc.contributor.advisorPaskevich, David
dc.contributor.authorMcLean, Maxime
dc.contributor.committeememberDin, Cari
dc.contributor.committeememberDorsch, Kim
dc.contributor.committeememberGoss, Judy
dc.description.abstractThe Long-Term Development (LTD) model is utilized by multiple National Sport Organization (NSO) to aid in the development and progression of individuals who partake in physical activity. The LTD model consists of 7 stages (Active Start; FUNdamentals; Learn to Train; Train to Train; Train to Compete; Train to Win; Active for Life) which track and progress various skills during target training times to aid in improving performance. The LTD model works on developing five elements of sport which consists of physical, technical, tactical, psychological, and emotional skills. Under the current LTD model, there lacks research on the Psychological Skills Training (PST) that are implemented throughout the stages of development. A content analysis was conducted to determine upper level categories in regards to PST for determining the type of psychological skills being prescribed at the Train to Train; Train to Compete; Train to Win stages. Twelve upper level categories were found through this content analysis 1) Individual Psychological Preparation, 2) Psychological Skills Development, 3) Competition Plans & Routines, 4) External Factors, 5) Arousal, Anxiety and Stress Management, 6) Communication, 7) Sport Enjoyment, 8) Self-Talk, 9) Goal Setting, 10) Imagery/Visualization, 11) Teamwork Components, 12) Focus/Refocus. An evaluation of these categories and the progression between the stages being analyzed were shown to have inconsistencies in progression and prescription. An analysis to determine the prevalence of PST in various sport types (Individual; Team; Combative; Artistic) was also completed. Findings show a lack of regularity in PST recommendation throughout both stages and sport types. Intentional practice and consistency should be advised to ensure adequate understanding and utilizing PST.
dc.identifier.citationMcLean, M. (2023). Evaluation of the LTD program on the psychological development in athletes (Master's thesis, University of Calgary, Calgary, Canada). Retrieved from https://prism.ucalgary.ca.
dc.publisher.facultyGraduate Studies
dc.publisher.institutionUniversity of Calgary
dc.rightsUniversity of Calgary graduate students retain copyright ownership and moral rights for their thesis. You may use this material in any way that is permitted by the Copyright Act or through licensing that has been assigned to the document. For uses that are not allowable under copyright legislation or licensing, you are required to seek permission.
dc.subjectLong Term Development
dc.subjectPsychological Skills Training
dc.subjectAthlete Development
dc.subject.classificationHealth Sciences
dc.titleEvaluation of the LTD program on the psychological development in athletes
dc.typemaster thesis
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Calgary
thesis.degree.nameMaster of Science (MSc)
ucalgary.thesis.accesssetbystudentI do not require a thesis withhold – my thesis will have open access and can be viewed and downloaded publicly as soon as possible.
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