Total Knee Replacements: Component Design, Pain Prevention and Research Techniques

atmire.migration.oldid143
dc.contributor.advisorAnglin, Carolyn
dc.contributor.authorSaevarsson, Stefan Karl
dc.date.accessioned2012-06-26T22:12:21Z
dc.date.available2012-11-13T08:01:10Z
dc.date.issued2012-06-26
dc.date.submitted2012en
dc.description.abstractTotal knee arthroplasty is a surgical procedure in which the knee is resurfaced with implants to relieve pain. This thesis presents computed tomography and radiography methods to determine the relative position (kinematics) for the patellofemoral and tibiofemoral joints in vivo for a full range of motion, as well as parameters related to surgical technique. These methods were used to compare: (1) subjects with gender-specific (GS) versus traditional implant designs, (2) symptomatic versus asymptomatic subjects, and (3) static versus dynamic kinematics. Quality of life (QOL) was also measured. GS implants only had a small but significant difference in patellofemoral translation in early flexion; no other differences were found for the kinematics or QOL. For all symptomatic subjects, differences in kinematics or surgical parameters were found, suggesting the cause for the subject’s postoperative pain. Static and dynamic kinematics were comparable in all but one case, where internal/external tibial rotation differed.en_US
dc.identifier.citationSaevarsson, S. K. (2012). Total Knee Replacements: Component Design, Pain Prevention and Research Techniques (Master's thesis, University of Calgary, Calgary, Canada). Retrieved from https://prism.ucalgary.ca. doi:10.11575/PRISM/28467en_US
dc.identifier.doihttp://dx.doi.org/10.11575/PRISM/28467
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11023/100
dc.language.isoeng
dc.publisher.facultyGraduate Studies
dc.publisher.institutionUniversity of Calgaryen
dc.publisher.placeCalgaryen
dc.rightsUniversity of Calgary graduate students retain copyright ownership and moral rights for their thesis. You may use this material in any way that is permitted by the Copyright Act or through licensing that has been assigned to the document. For uses that are not allowable under copyright legislation or licensing, you are required to seek permission.
dc.subjectEngineering--Biomedical
dc.subject.classificationTotal Knee Replacemntsen_US
dc.subject.classificationPainen_US
dc.subject.classificationComponent Designen_US
dc.subject.classificationImagingen_US
dc.subject.classificationRadiologyen_US
dc.subject.classificationQuality of Lifeen_US
dc.titleTotal Knee Replacements: Component Design, Pain Prevention and Research Techniques
dc.typemaster thesis
thesis.degree.disciplineBiomedical Engineering
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Calgary
thesis.degree.nameMaster of Science (MSc)
ucalgary.item.requestcopytrue
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