Gender in the Alpine Club of Canada, 1906-1940

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From 1906 to 1940, the administration of the Alpine Club of Canada officially proclaimed that women's ability to climb at a demanding, prestigious standard was equal with men's. While women's participation alongside men was welcomed to a remarkable extent, throughout the time period considered here the reality fell short of genuine equality. From 1913, it became increasingly clear that unwritten but understood codes of accepted gende1 performance were just as effective as the formal rules of mainstream sports in generating fundamental systems of unequal power relations in the ACC. By 1940 in the ACC, the manifestation of high altitude first ascents and guideless climbing, two emergent standards of difficulty, showed unmistakeably that the unofficial standards by which climbers were measured were splintered along gender lines.
Bibliography: p. 142-150.
Louie, S. W. (1996). Gender in the Alpine Club of Canada, 1906-1940 (Master's thesis, University of Calgary, Calgary, Canada). Retrieved from doi:10.11575/PRISM/13073