Automated Noise-Parameter Measurements of Cryogenic LNAs

This paper addresses the need for measured cryogenic noise parameters. The measurement process is discussed and an analysis of the measurement uncertainty is performed. To verify proper operation of the measurement system, measurements of a 1-to-2-GHz radio-astronomy low-noise amplifier (LNA) at 20, 75, and 296 K are presented. In these measurements, the typical 1$\sigma$ measurement uncertainty in noise temperatures and minimum noise temperatures is < 10%.
Cryogenic electronics, Low-noise amplifiers, Noise parameters, Radio astronomy, Quantum computing
Sheldon, A., Belostotski, L., Mani, H., Groppi, C. E., and Warnick, K. F. (2021). Automated Noise-Parameter Measurements of Cryogenic LNAs. 2021 97th ARFTG Microwave Measurement Conference (ARFTG).