The brain's functional connectome in young children with prenatal alcohol exposure

dc.contributor.authorLong, Xiangyu
dc.contributor.authorKar, Preeti
dc.contributor.authorGibbard, Ben
dc.contributor.authorTortorelli, Christina
dc.contributor.authorLebel, Catherine
dc.description.abstractPrenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) can lead to altered brain function and structure, as well as lifelong cognitive, behavioral, and mental health difficulties. Previous research has shown reduced brain network efficiency in older children and adolescents with PAE, but no imaging studies have examined brain differences in young children with PAE, at an age when cognitive and behavioral problems often first become apparent. The present study aimed to investigate the brain's functional connectome in young children with PAE using passive viewing fMRI. We analyzed 34 datasets from 26 children with PAE aged 2-7 years and 215 datasets from 87 unexposed typically-developing children in the same age range. The whole brain functional connectome was constructed using functional connectivity analysis across 90 regions for each dataset. We examined intra- and inter-participant stability of the functional connectome, graph theoretical measurements, and their correlations with age. Children with PAE had similar inter- and intra-participant stability to controls. However, children with PAE, but not controls, showed increasing intra-participant stability with age, suggesting a lack of variability of intrinsic brain activity over time. Inter-participant stability increased with age in controls but not in children with PAE, indicating more variability of brain function across the PAE population. Global graph metrics were similar between children with PAE and controls, in line with previous studies in older children. This study characterizes the functional connectome in young children with PAE for the first time, suggesting that the increased brain variability seen in older children develops early in childhood, when participants with PAE fail to show the expected age-related increases in inter-individual stability.en_US
dc.description.grantingagencyCanadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR)en_US
dc.identifier.citationLong, X., Kar, P., Gibbard, B., Tortorelli, C., & Lebel, C. (2019). The brain's functional connectome in young children with prenatal alcohol exposure. NeuroImage: Clinical, 24, 102082.en_US
dc.publisher.facultyCumming School of Medicineen_US
dc.publisher.institutionUniversity of Calgaryen_US
dc.rightsUnless otherwise indicated, this material is protected by copyright and has been made available with authorization from the copyright owner. You may use this material in any way that is permitted by the Copyright Act or through licensing that has been assigned to the document. For uses that are not allowable under copyright legislation or licensing, you are required to seek permission.en_US
dc.subjectprenatal alcohol exposureen_US
dc.subjectyoung childrenen_US
dc.subjectbrain developmenten_US
dc.subjectpassive viewing fMRIen_US
dc.subjectfunctional connectomeen_US
dc.subjectinter individual stabilityen_US
dc.subjectintra individual stabilityen_US
dc.titleThe brain's functional connectome in young children with prenatal alcohol exposureen_US
dc.typejournal articleen_US
Original bundle
Now showing 1 - 1 of 1
Thumbnail Image
596.22 KB
Adobe Portable Document Format
License bundle
Now showing 1 - 1 of 1
Thumbnail Image
1.92 KB
Item-specific license agreed upon to submission