Browsing by Author "Dressler, Roswita"
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- ItemOpen AccessBlogging in a Participatory Culture: The Pedagogical Potential of Blogs in a High School English Classroom(2016) Simon, Stacy; Field, James; Burwell, Catherine; Dressler, RoswitaThis study is a qualitative, interpretive exploration of how students experience blogging in a high school English course. To understand how participants use technology to communicate, their out-of-school digital practices are first briefly considered. The study then follows participants’ experiences on the blogosphere and in the classroom, and explores any pedagogical potential of blogging. Technology’s ubiquitous presence increasingly affects communication, making it simpler for one’s voice to be heard, and to connect with others. As blogging enables this type of participation, it is explored in relation to the notion of participatory culture. Qualitative, interpretive methods were used to understand participants’ experiences. Findings suggest common themes that resonated throughout their experiences. Blogging created a heightened awareness of audience, enabled participants to find and use their voices, and fostered peer-based learning. It also developed new, personal understandings for participants as they recalled seeing both their peers and themselves differently.
- ItemOpen AccessCanadian Bilingual Program Teachers’ Understanding of Immersion Pedagogy: A Nexus Analysis of an Early Years Classroom(2018-01) Dressler, RoswitaBilingual language education in Canada comprises Bilingual Programs in minority languages and programs in official languages (e.g., French Immersion). However, pedagogy in Bilingual Programs has not been studied to the same depth as it has in French Immersion, therefore little is known about the teaching practices within them. Immersion pedagogy, the integration of content and language education, fosters teaching practices that encourage language development, but sometimes also monolingual instructional practices that discourage the use of flexible bilingualism strategies. This research in an early year’s German Bilingual Program classroom examines what teachers understand as ‘immersion pedagogy’. This nexus analysis draws on data from curriculum documents, classroom observation, interviews and stimulated recall sessions. The rationale for this study is to address the lack of studies examining teaching practices within Bilingual Programs as a unique form of bilingual education. The findings reveal teachers’ understanding of immersion pedagogy as content and language integrated instruction with strong discourses in place that include the separation of languages. The conclusions shed light on the need for teachers to further explore their understanding of immersion pedagogy and identifies potential strategies and innovations to explore in school-based professional learning communities (e.g., flexible bilingual strategies).
- ItemOpen AccessChildren's Music Education in a Second Language: A Qualitative Case Study(2022-04) Acioly de Siqueira, Julianne; Bell, Adam Patrick; Dressler, Roswita; Agopian, Edmond Emil; Bell, Allan GordonThis study examined how the teaching and learning processes of music and piano concepts occur in a bilingual environment when students have yet to master English as an additional language. The focus of this inquiry was on the students’ learning outcomes related to music as well as the methodologies and teaching practices used by the teacher to facilitate the students’ learning within the classroom. In order to understand this phenomenon, the study was conducted using the methodology of a single case study. The case was a group of immigrant children who lived in Canada for less than two years and spoke other languages than English at home. They had limited proficiency in the English language and their ages varied from 5 to 9 years old. The teacher, who was a volunteer in this study, was born in Canada and only spoke English. The study consisted of eight weekly 30-minute lessons led by the teacher. Data were collected through three different methods: Lesson observations, interviews with participants, and analysis of curriculum documents. The results indicate that three elements were essential for the learning process to happen: (1) The teacher’s methodology, pedagogy, and approach; (2) the students’ ways of learning—their creativity, curiosity, motivation, and behaviour; and (3) the role of a well-designed and structured curriculum that contained essential music content and introductory piano skills aimed to be taught to children ages 5 to 9 years old.
- ItemOpen AccessClassroom Interrupted: Understanding Investment Through Action Research in the Time of COVID-19(2022-01) Daniel, Maya; Dressler, Roswita; Groen, Janet; Boz, Umit; Falkenberg, Loren; Jordan, StevenThrough a social constructivist lens, and the use of an action research methodology, in this study I sought to answer the research questions: (1) What aspects promote and increase student investment in my business communication classroom? and (2) How can I positively impact student investment? These questions arose as a result of noticeable changes in student behaviour within my business communication classrooms, including: increased absenteeism, reduced completion of homework tasks and submission of assignments, waning participation in classroom discussions and activities, and an overall decline in course and program completion. This study provided an opportunity for all participants (students and myself) to grow in understanding what factors encourage students to invest in the practices of the classroom. There were three phases of action research in this study where I utilized the methods of student journaling, my personal reflection journaling, and my lesson plans as data sources. The classroom and the study were interrupted by the COVID-19 pandemic, which affected the findings of the study. Active learning, teaching style, and the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic were identified as the aspects that most impacted student investment in my business communications classroom, and the aspects of active learning and teaching style were predominantly within my control as the instructor to influence and thereby impact student investment in a positive manner. The significance of this study rested in the co-construction of an understanding of investment in this specific adult learning context. Investment has the potential to bring understanding and meaning to the actions of individuals beyond the reach of the language learning context from which it originated, thereby adding value to a multiplicity of disciplines.
- ItemOpen AccessThe cross-cultural reflective model for post-sojourn debriefing(Taylor & Francis : Reflective Practice: International and Multidisciplinary Perspectives, 2018-01) Dressler, Roswita; Becker, Sandra; Kawalilak, Colleen; Arthur, NancyReflective writing is a practice often encouraged in study abroad programs. Reflection can be facilitated through experiential learning, but little research is available on how to guide or structure related learning activities. In this article, we discuss the Cross-cultural Reflection model (CCR), which emerged through our own process of researching three commonly-used models for reflective writing (Gibbs, 1988; Johns, 2010; Rolfe, Freshwater & Jasper, 2001). We document our procedure for researching, creating, testing, and modifying the CCR model, before and after using it with students in a post-sojourn debriefing workshop. In the discussion, we examine which aspects of the models examined informed the CCR model and which elements we introduced as a result of working with the models in two research retreats. The sharing of the process is intended to inform practices of reflective writing in post-sojourn debriefing to enhance international experiences, programmes and practices.
- ItemOpen AccessDialogue Journals in Short-Term Study Abroad: “Today I Wrote My Mind”(2016-01) Dressler, Roswita; Tweedie, M. Gregory
- ItemOpen AccessEffective Teaching Practices for English as an Additional Language Learning in Alberta, Canada(2023-07) Salmon, Katherine Lee; Friesen, Sharon; Chu, Man-Wai; Dressler, RoswitaEnglish as an additional language (EAL) learners lag behind their English-speaking peers academically and it takes longer for them to achieve high school completion requirements (Alberta Education, 2017; 2018, 2019a). Teachers play a critical role in providing intentional language instruction alongside content instruction to support these vulnerable learners. This study addressed three research questions: i) What instructional practices do teachers use to support EAL learners? ii) How does background knowledge inform teachers in their decision making and in determining the effectiveness of the instructional practices they use to support EAL learners? iii) In what ways do pre-service and in-service teacher education impact teachers’ effective instruction for EAL learning? Participants (n=17) were teachers who were recognized as holding specialized EAL knowledge and administrators who lead EAL learning in their jurisdiction. They participated in semi-structured interviews about the instructional practices that they perceived as the most effective for EAL learning. Six key findings were identified: i) positive relationships are foundational for EAL learners, ii) explicit language instruction needs to be embedded in the content areas, iii) teachers ideology influences their background knowledge and impacts their decision making, iv) knowledge of learning theories that impact EAL learning informs teacher’s decision making, v) effective instructional practices for EAL learning should be embedded in post-secondary courses for pre-service teachers, and vi) professional learning in EAL learning is needed for in-service teachers’ and administrators’ decision making for instruction and programming. A conclusion drawn from this study is that the language intentions have to be explicitly identified and stated along with learning intentions for each lesson/unit of study. Another conclusion is that there are some Alberta educators who have a strong theoretical knowledge and a repertoire of effective instructional strategies for EAL learning, however, many teachers and administrators do not have solid theoretical and practical knowledge. As such a recommendation from this study is that professional learning about EAL Learning is required for pre-service and in-service teachers and for practicing administrators.
- ItemOpen AccessEnglish for 21st-Century Global Citizenship: An Investigation of an Introductory Online Professional Development Course(2020-11-03) Hazard, Russell; Eaton, Sarah Elaine; Dressler, Roswita; Tweedie, M. Gregory; Guo-Brennan, Linyuan; Oddone-Paolucci, ElizabethThe purpose of this research is to build understanding of professional development for twenty-first century Global Citizenship Education (GCED) for international English as an Additional Language (EAL) teachers. The research is significant because a variety of international education organizations, policy experts, and researchers in the field of EAL have noted that Global Citizenship Education should be embedded into all subject areas, and because such implementation is enabled by teacher training relating to the content and pedagogies involved. A group of (N=12) international English language professionals were recruited for a two-week online professional development course. The participants were surveyed for pre-existing knowledge and attitudes toward GCED. The research used qualitative analysis of discussion boards, post-course questionnaires, and post-course interviews. Participants noted high congruence between GCED themes and the needs of their content-based programs. Explicit teaching of GCED frameworks and sub-initiatives was noted as a valuable linguistic and cognitive strategy. Active, learner-centered, and some transformative workflows were developed and supported by visible thinking and thinking routines for efficient language production and formative assessment. Project Based Learning linking the classroom to the real world was noted as a valuable teaching approach. EAL research and experience in teaching for intercultural communicative competence, analogue and digital rhetoric and media awareness, and Critical Language Awareness were noted as areas of Pedagogical Content Knowledge to be aware of.
- ItemEmbargoFamilies with Emergent Bilinguals of English and Chinese: A Case Study of Family Language Policy in China(2023-04-28) Ma, Yue; Dressler, Roswita; Lenters, Kimberly; Chua, CatherineParents and grandparents in China are implementing family language policies (FLPs) to promote their children’s bilingualism, which needs a detailed study focusing on them. This study investigated the FLPs of families of young children who are non-native speakers of English living in China. Using a case study methodology (Merriam, 1998), I examined the FLPs of five Chinese families who are raising their children bilingually. This study described, compared, and contrasted the language ideologies, language management, and language practices among the families by using semi-structured interviews with parents and grandparents, parent-child audio recordings, weekly literacy activities, and children’s artefacts. The study draws from Spolsky’s (2004) language policy model as its conceptual framework. The findings revealed that almost all mothers believe that English and Chinese were equally important, while all fathers believed Mandarin was more important, and different beliefs about English were found among grandparents. Although most of the fathers had good English abilities, it was the mothers who conducted most of the English language management and practice at home, revealing a gendered division of labour in FLP. The study also found that grandparents played vital roles in children’s Mandarin language development. These families faced similar challenges and obstacles in raising a bilingual child in China: lack of English environment and time; occasional demotivation; financial burdens; and, misunderstanding from others. The findings from this study reveal the importance of participation by all family members in supporting each other in raising bilingual children, including the grandparents. Finally, contrary to some parents’ beliefs, the mothers’ English abilities and educational background should not be a constraint to English FLP and the children’s English development.
- ItemOpen AccessFormative Assessment Strategies in Online Courses(2021-05-08) Dressler, RoswitaIn this video I discuss formative feedback in graduate online classes based on a study of my own teaching practice. I asked the graduate students to write a research proposal and, after completing a short project, a research report. They worked in groups of 3-4 (aka studio groups) and provided each other with feedback on drafts of both documents. As the instructor, I provided feedback on each student's draft, after their studio group had reviewed it. Two research assistants coded the drafts and final documents to determine the nature of the feedback students gave and how much (quantity) and to what extent (quality) did they take up that feedback. I was curious if they would prefer the feedback from the instructor or that of their peers. To learn what we found out, please watch the video.
- ItemOpen AccessGoing to the grocery store: A metaphor for writing up results and discussion(2020-08-07) Dressler, Roswita
- ItemOpen Access“Growing our own teachers”: rural individuals becoming certified teachers(2018-05-27) Gereluk, Dianne; Dressler, Roswita; Eaton, Sarah Elaine; Becker, SandraThis presentation was presented by Dianne Gereluk on behalf of the research team at a panel on rural education at the 46th CSSE conference in Regina, Saskatchewan, Canada on May 27, 2018.
- ItemOpen AccessIdentity Perception of Chinese Immigrant Youth at a Mandarin Bilingual School(2018-07-19) Lai, Xingru; Roy, Sylvie; Chapman, Olive; Dressler, RoswitaThis study explored identity perception of youth from Chinese backgrounds in the context of a Mandarin/English bilingual education program in Calgary, Alberta, Canada. The study was based on the theory proposed by Grosjean (2015) on bilingualism and biculturalism, together with bilingual identity negotiation framework by Fielding (2015). Six students from Grades 7 to 9 were individually interviewed about how they used languages and how they perceived their identities as a person from Chinese backgrounds in the Mandarin/English bilingual program. Results indicated that bilingualism is a dynamic process. Some participants in this study started with one language as the dominant language, but after a transition period, the first language became the weaker language and the second language the stronger language. Meanwhile, results revealed their creative uses of languages. Most participants engaged in code-switching in their language use both in the interviews and in their home usage of languages. Through this program, they learned how to value their own languages and cultures as well as feeling proud of being Chinese. Implications of the study suggested the need to emphasize the importance of affirming identities in language learning for immigrant students. In order for students’ bilingual competence to develop, the immigrant students’ heritage background should be seen as a valuable resource and be fully respected.
- ItemOpen AccessIn the space between languages, translanguaging practices and perceptions in the university Spanish classroom(2020-06-26) Williams, Abigail; George, Angela; Grantham O'Brien, Mary; Dressler, RoswitaTranslanguaging is a reconceptualized notion of pedagogy and practice that can provide strategies that enable users to incorporate and appropriate different language practices into their own linguistic repertoires. It is also an approach to the practices of bilinguals and multilinguals. It re-examines their process of learning new languages and supports their multiple and hybrid identities. This study examined the ways in which university students and teachers engaged with other languages in the Spanish classroom. The objective was to determine if and how university students and teachers ‘translanguaged’, and to explore how they perceived practices of translanguaging. Data collection involved a questionnaire for students and semi-structured interviews for both groups. Thematic content analysis was utilized to analyze the qualitative data generated. The data revealed a considerable degree of fluidity in participants’ language practice, as well as shifts in perceptions and practices that varied according to context. This study provides a clear argument for the authorization, or at least the value of introducing translanguaging to students and teachers in higher education so they can choose whether or not they want to leverage practices of translanguaging.
- ItemOpen AccessThe influence of the IELTS Speaking test preparation on second language socialization of post-secondary international students in Canada(2021-04) Lei, Tian; Tweedie, Gregory; Tweedie, Gregory; Delanoy, Nadia; Dressler, RoswitaThe study explores international students’ experience of their IELTS Speaking test preparation and the second language socialization process in Canada and the relationship between them. This research employs a mixed method as the methodology, with quantitative data collection informing the collection and analysis of the qualitative portion. Quantitative data for this study was collected from 60 international students in Canada, and qualitative data collected from 5 Chinese international students at a large Canadian university in Western Canada. While acknowledging the many criticisms of the IELTS test, the findings of this research shed light on a surprising and, to the best of this researcher’s knowledge, previously undiscovered effect: the positive role preparation for the IELTS Speaking test may play in second language socialization.
- ItemOpen AccessInnovations From the COVID-19 Pandemic: Online Learning Strategies(Canadian Association of Second Language Teachers (CASLT), 2022-01-01) Dressler, Roswita; Guida, Rochelle
- ItemOpen AccessInternationalization & Career-focused Programming for International Students: A Qualitative Study of Universities in Canada(2020-01) Reichert, Philipp; Dressler, Roswita; Winchester, Ian; Heilke, Thomas W.; Kawalilak, Colleen A.; Corbett, MichaelThe past two decades have seen a rapid increase in the number of international students attending higher education institutions (HEI’s) in countries around the world. The relationship between HEIs, governments, and students are often symbiotic in nature; students consider further education as a platform for career development, HEIs pursue the diversification of income and increased prestige/rankings, while governments’ attention is dedicated to the retention of skilled labour that will support and sustain national economies. Although policy makers promote the position that international students are ideal or “designer” immigrants with their education, language abilities, and cultural experiences, there are indications that international students face a number of challenges in transitioning from studies to career. Recent surveys show that 60 percent of international student respondents indicated that they plan to apply for permanent residency (PR) in Canada after graduation, combined with the increased importance of employability outcomes for international students. Given the importance of employability outcomes for students, this qualitative mixed-methods research examined the career-focused programming provided at Canadian universities. The main research question that guided this study was: What approaches are universities in Canada taking to support international students in the development of professional or career-focused skills? Participants were managers and directors from 7 universities across Canada. Three methods were used to collect data for this study: surveys, semi-structured interviews and document analysis. Three key discourses from the interviews emerged: university as a steppingstone for immigration; universities as a source of international student support; and universities as connectors to employers and regions. Research findings indicate that various factors influence career-focused programming for international students including location, size of the institution and other contextual factors. Innovative and engaging career-focused programming, with an intercultural lens provides an excellent leadership opportunity for universities to support their international student population, while simultaneously developing the competencies of domestic students to work in an increasingly global environment.
- ItemOpen AccessInvestigating Educational Responses to Diversity in Brazil during a Time of Curriculum Change(University of Chicago Press, 2019-08) Scott, David M.; Kawalilak, Colleen; Dressler, Roswita; de Paiva, Wilson AlvesThis article offers findings from a qualitative case-based research study examining the ways educators in central Brazil made sense of diversity, and the extent to which they believed recent policies in Brazil promoting greater recognition of ethno-cultural diversity are being realized in K-12 contexts. The multinational research team also examined the degree to which these educators felt that responses to diversity drawn from the Canadian context could inform Brazilian educational policy. Of note, the research participants articulated productive possibilities for promoting the inclusion of cultural diversity in varied classroom contexts. However, confirming findings from prior research, they saw recent policy shifts in Brazil related to intercultural understanding as unsupported by institutions, and thus almost completely reliant on teacher’s personal efforts and convictions. Overall, educators in this study had difficulty seeing Canadian responses to diversity as workable in Brazil, and there were a general absence of discussions concerning the teaching of Afro-Brazilian and Indigenous culture and history. Informed by insights from both sociocultural theorizing (Barton & Levstik, 2004; Wertsch, 1998) and transformative learning theory (Freire, 1970; Mezirow, 1991), findings are analyzed by working to uncover the historically derived interpretive frameworks that both enabled and constrained the various beliefs of these educators.
- ItemOpen AccessAn Investigation into the Transformation of Transnational Identities of Chinese Students with Study-Abroad Experiences(2021-09-23) He, Miao; Roy, Sylvie; Dressler, Roswita; Delanoy, NadiaIn our globalized and diverse world, the number of international students in post-secondary institutions is increasing more than ever. While bringing their experiences and ideas to their new settings, these students also learn and change the way they see themselves and the people around them. My project is a case study that examines the transformation of Chinese students’ transnational identities against the backdrop of the internationalisation of higher education (Varghese, 2008). Based on a social constructivism paradigm, the study used a qualitative research approach in order to probe issues lying beneath the surface of behaviours (Cohen, Manion & Morrison, 2018) and investigate six individual cases in significant depth. The study includes two phases of data collection. During the first phase, the data was gathered from two rounds of semi-structured interviews: the first round focused on the participants’ experiences abroad; the second, on their home-visiting experiences. In the second phase, through a complementary data collection method, document review, I explored how the participants positioned their identities on social media by investigating their posts on WeChat, which was ubiquitous in Chinese students’ lives for its wide functional range. My findings were analysed on the racial factor and the six conceptual premises of transnationalism proposed by Vertovec (2009). The study will benefit both higher education staff and faculty members in understanding Chinese students’ transnational identities, while helping Chinese international students see themselves better through the lens of “transnationalism”.
- ItemOpen AccessThe Journey to French Immersion: Reflections of Pre-service Teachers(Canadian Association of Second Language Teachers : Réflexions, 2020-01) De Silva, Noeleen; Roy, Sylvie; Dressler, Roswita; Mueller, KatherineHow often do we take the time to look back and consider how our past has influenced our choices and shaped our identity? In today’s complex language classrooms, a strong pedagogical approach and teaching identity are important components in addressing the needs of language learners (Roy & Byrd-Clark, 2018; Costa & Norton, 2017; Smyth, 1989; Kondrat, 1999). A small group of pre-service French Immersion (FI) teachers were given the opportunity to reflect on their experience as FI students and consider how it shaped their identity and outlook as future FI teachers.