- ItemOpen AccessCalgary Working Papers in Linguistics, Volume 9, Summer 1983(University of Calgary, 1983-06) Pepper, Mary; Phillips, Marilyn; Rowsell, Lorna; Steinbergs, AleksThis is the ninth in the series of working papers published by LOGOS, the Student Linguistics Society at The University of Calgary. These papers represent the current research in progress of students and faculty members and as such should not be considered in any way final or definitive. Appearance of papers in this volume does not preclude their publication in another form elsewhere.
- ItemOpen AccessDoublets, cultismos, and their relation in Castilian Spanish(University of Calgary, 1983-06) Anderson, James MThe traditional explanations for differences in the phonological shape of doublets and repeated by most texts on the history of the Spanish language, revolve around the notion that one of the pair evolved normally in the speech habits of the lower classes while the other in its pristine form can either be attributed to a direct borrowing from an older stage of the language, or was preserved among the conservative speech of the upper classes of society.
- ItemOpen AccessTeenage labelling: "Are you a jock or a freak?"(University of Calgary, 1983-06) Bowes, Janet PThere are three classes in speech that reveal personal characteristics of the speaker: those that indicate membership in a group, those that characterize the individual and those that reveal changed states of the speaker. In this paper I am dealing with the indicators of group membership, the group markers. A group-marked vocabulary is social, it reflects the members' interests and reinforces group solidarity (Laver & Trudgill, 1976). The subject matter is related to the activities of the group (Browen & Fraxer, 1976). Physical appearance and situation are important factors in determining a person's group membership (Siles, Scherer & Taylor, 1976). The social groups of a high school can be identified by the way their members dress, act and speak. Students wishing to be identified with one of these groups modify their appearance and behaviour to match the target group's norms. The language use that the students adopt is one of the ways they achieve solidarity within the group.
- ItemOpen AccessThe other consonant in Turkish prefixal reduplication: a working paper(University of Calgary, 1983-06) Dobrovolsky, MichaelIn Modern Standard Turkish, certain adjectives can be intensified by a reduplicative prefixing process which copies the initial CV of the stem and adds a third consonant. The prefix is stressed. Main word stress falls on the prefix, and stem stress is reduced. The main proposal of this paper is that at the nonsurface level of phonological representation the reduplicative prefix (henceforth, REDUP) is a separate word.
- ItemOpen AccessGraphic competence(University of Calgary, 1983-06) Gibbons, Diana EThe invented spellings of pre-schoolers first described and analyzed by Read (1971) are significant in more than one respect. First, they are completely spontaneous and entirely free from the effects of instruction. The children who produce invented spellings know the names of the conventional symbols and how to form them, but they have virtually no direct knowledge of any conventional sound-grapheme correspondences and cannot read. Second, the spellings do not vary qualitatively from child to child. Thirdly, as previously mentioned, these children have not yet learned to read (hence the use of the term 'preliterate').